important articles, schedules, parts and amendments of indian constitution

Indian Constitution – Important Articles, Schedules, Parts, Amendments – Most important for the government and competitive exams – Free PDF Download

important articles, schedules, parts and amendments of indian constitution
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List of Important Articles of the Indian Constitution

  • India i.e. the Bharat shall be the union of state – 01
  • Formation of new state on the recommendation of president – 03
  • The citizenship of India – 05
  • Accepting foreign citizenship will terminate the citizenship of India- 09
  • Rights of citizenship – 10
  • Parliament has a right to create any law regarding citizenship of India- 11
  • Right to equality – (14-18)
  • Right to freedom- (19-22)
  • Equality before law and equal protection by law- 14
  • Prohibition of discrimination on the ground of sex, religion, cast or place of birth – 15
  • Equal opportunity in public employment- 16
  • Abolition of untouchability – 17
  • Abolition of Title -18
  • Six rights of freedom known as cluster of freedom- 19
  • Right to Information – 19(1)A
  • Freedom of press – 19(1)A
  • Protection of life and personal liberty- 21
  • Right to privacy -21
  • Right to education- 21A
  • Government provide free education and food for child between 6 to 14 years- 21A
  • Prohibition of human trafficking -23
  • Prohibition of child labor between the age of 6 to 14yrs -24
  • Legal Right / Right to Property – 31
  • Right to freedom of religion – 25-28
  • No tax on religion – 27
  • Constitutional rights or power of supreme court to protect fundamental rights- 32 (Also known as Heart and soul of constitution) (also called constitutional remedies)
  • Directive principal of state policy-36-51
  • State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people-38
  • Certain principles and policy followed by the state-39
  • Equal justice and free legal aids – 39A
  • Organization of village panchayat – 40
  • Uniform civil code for citizenship – 44
  • Provision for free and compulsory education for children or primary education – 45
  • To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs – 47
  • Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition, the standard of living and to improve public health-47
  • Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry-48
  • Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life-48A
  • Protection of monuments places and objects of national importance-49
  • Separation of judiciary from executive-50
  • Promotion of international peace and security – 51
  • Fundamental duties – 51A
  • President of India – 52
  • Executive power of president – 53
  • Election of president – 54
  • President must not hold any office of profit- 58
  • Oath of president – 60
  • Impeachment of president – 61
  • Presidential post can’t vacant – 62
  • Vice president of India is the 2nd largest post – 63
  • Vice president is the ex-officio chairman of state council -64
  • the Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President- 65
  • Election of vice president-66
  • Dispute regarding election of president and vice president case solved by supreme court -71
  • Judiciary power of president/power of president to grant pardon – 72
  • Council of ministers – 74
  • Appointment and dismissal of council of ministers – 75
  • President appoints the prime minister – 75
  • Attorney general of India – 76
  • PM communicates with president about all the decision taken by council of ministers- 78
  • Constitution of parliament- 79
  • Council of states – 80
  • Council of house of people – 81
  • Speaker and deputy speaker of state council – 89
  • Speaker and deputy speaker of house of people – 93
  • Vito power of president – 111
  • Ordinary bills of parliament – 107
  • Presidential power to call joint sitting of both the houses-108
  • Money bill of parliament- 110
  • Appropriation Bill (that allow to withdraw money from consolated fund)-114
  • Financial bill – 117
  • Court not to interfere in any procedure of parliament-122
  • Presidential power to bring ordinance – 123
  • Supreme court – 124
  • Dealing with sedition- 124A
  • Appointment of the ad hoc judges- 127
  • Supreme court will be the Court of record-129
  • the Constitution declares Delhi as the seat of the Supreme Court of India-130
  • Original jurisdiction- 131
  • Appellate Jurisdiction – 134
  • Revisory jurisdiction- 137
  • Writ jurisdiction – 139
  • Advisory jurisdiction -143
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India – 148
  • Governor of states- 153
  • Executive power of governor – 154
  • Appointment of governor – 155
  • Term of office of governor – 156
  • Qualification of governor – 157
  • Oath of governor – 159
  • Power of governor to grant pardon -161
  • Governor will appoint the chief minister – 164(1)
  • Advocate general of state – 165
  • Diuties of chief ministers- 167
  • State legislative council- 168-212
  • Governor of a state promulgate an ordinance – 213
  • High court of states -214
  • The union territories- 239-242
  • Gram sabha- 243A
  • State election commission conducts control and supervise municipality elections- 243K
  • Inter-State council- 263
  • Finance commission of India- 280
  • A right to property(A legal right)-300A
  • For the creation of all india services-312
  • Union public service commission-315
  • The decision of the central administrative tribunal can be challenged in the supreme court(dispute regarding central administrative tribunal with SC)- 323A
  • Election commission – 324
  • Election of the house of people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage-326
  • Official language of the union- 343
  • National emergency- 352
  • State emergency- 356
  • Financial emergency – 360
  • Governor is not responsible to any court for the performance of the power and duties of his office- 361
  • Power of parliament to amend the constitution- 368
  • Special status of jammu and Kashmir -370
  • To deal with LGBT – 377
  • Constitution of India – 395

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List of Important Schedules of the Indian Constitution

  1. state and union territory
  2. salary
  3. oath
  4. allocation of seats in Rajya Sabha
  5. administration and control of scheduled areas and sts
  6. administration of tribal areas of north-eastern states
  7. distribution of power between the states and union
  8. 22 languages
  9. Land reforms
  10. Disqualification on the ground of defection
  11. Panchayat
  12. Municipalities

Also Read,
President of India
List of Presidents of India till 2023
Prime Minister of India
Attorney General of India
Important Articles, Schedules, Parts and Amendments of the Constitution
Salaries of Chief Ministers of States and UTs

Important Parts of the Indian Constitution

  • Union and its territory – Part 1
  • Citizenship of India – Part 2
  • Fundamental Rights – Part 3
  • Directive principle of state policies – Part 4
    • 4A. Fundamental duties– Part 4A
  • The Union Government – Part 5
  • State government – Part 6
  • Relation among state governments – Part 7
  • Union territory – Part 8
  • Panchayats and 9(A)municipalities – Part 9
  • Scheduled tribe – Part 10
  • Relation between union and states – Part 11
  • Elections – Part 15
  • Special provision – Part 16
  • Languages – Part 17
  • Emergency – Part 18
  • Amendments – Part 20

Important Amendments of the Indian Constitution

7th Amendment Act (1956)

Re-organisation of States (14 States, 6 UTs).

9th Amendment Act (1961)

Gave effect to the transfer of certain territories to Pakistan in pursuance of the agreement between the Government of India and Pakistan.

31st Amendment Act (1973)

The total strength of Lok sabha was increased from 525 to 545 (on the basis of Census 1971)

38th Amendment Act (1975)

It sought to make a declaration of Emergency non-judiciable and placed beyond the jurisdiction of courts, the Ordinances and Proclamation of Emergency issued by the President and Governors.

39th Amendment Act (1975)

Placed beyond judicial scrutiny, the election of President, PM and Chairman to either House of Parliament.

42nd Amendment Act (1976)

The working of the Preamble was changed from “Sovereign Democratic Republic” to read as: Sovereign Socialist, Secular Democratic Republic” and changed the description “unity of the nation” to “unity and integrity of the nation”. It laid down 10 Fundamental Duties for all citizens.

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44th Amendment Act (1978)

The restoration of life of Lok Sabha and State Assemblies to 5 years.

52nd Amendment Act (1985)

Added 10th Schedule which contains provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection.

61st Amendment Act (1989)

Reduced the voting age from 21 to 18 years.

73rd Amendment Act (1992)

Panchayati Raj Bill passed. Constitution of panchayats at village and other levels. Direct elections to all seats in Panchayats and reservation of seats for the SCs and STs and fixing of tenure of 5 years for Panchayats.

74th Amendment Act (1993)

Nagarpalika bill passed. A new Part IX-A relating to the Municipalities was incorporated in the Constitution of 3 types of Municipalities, i.e., Nagar panchayats for areas in transition from a rural area to the urban area, Municipal Corporation for larger urban areas. Reservation of seats for SC, ST, and women.

85th Amendment Act (2001)

Amended Article 16(4A) to provide for consequential seniority in promotion by virtue of the rule of reservation for the government servants belonging to the SCs and STs.

86th Amendment Act (2002)

It provides for (i) insertion of a new article 21A that the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine.

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88th Amendment Act (2003)

It provides for the insertion of a new Article 268A which states that taxes on services shall be levied by the Government of India and such tax shall be collected and appropriated by the Govt. of India and the States in the manner provided in clause(2).

89th Amendment Act (2003)

It provides for the amendment of Article 338 and insertion of a new article 338A which provides that there shall be a National Commission for ST.

91st Amendment Act (2003)

It provides that the total number of ministers, including the PM, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha.

93rd Amendment Act (2005)

In this Amendment,  a provision has been inserted that the State (i.e., parliament or other legislatures) can make laws for the advancement of the SC, ST or the OBCs of citizens in matters of admission to educational institutions, including private unaided institutions.

95th Amendment Act (2010)

Extended the reservation of SC and ST seats in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies from 60 to 70 years.

99th Amendment Act (2015)

It provides for formation of a National Judicial Appointment Commission.

100th Amendment Act (2015)

It provides for amending First Schedule, that deals with acquisition of certain territories of Bangladesh following agreement between India and Bangladesh.

101st Amendment Act (2017)

The Constitutional 101st Amendment Act, 2016, contains the provisions necessary for the implementation of GST Regime. The amendment Act contains 20 amendments. The important changes made in constitution (new articles / amended articles) via this law are Article 246 (A), Article 269A, and Article 279-A. Changes in the 7th Schedule are in the Union List and State List.

102nd Amendment Act (2018)

It gives constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes addition of Articles 338B, 342A, and a Clause 26C. It removed Article 340 and modified Article 338 and 366.

103rd Amendment Act (2019)

The Reservation Act provides for a maximum of 10% reservation for economically weaker sections of citizens of classes other the classes mentioned in Clauses 4 & 5 of Article 15 (other than socially and educationally backward SCS and STS) and in amendment added Clause 6 under Article 15 and Clause 6 under Article 16.

104th Amendment Act (2020)

To extend the reservation of seats for SCS and STS in Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha (State Assemblies) from 70 years to 80 years. It removed the reserved seat for the Anglo-Indian community in the LS and State Assemblies. The amendment of Article 334 was passed on 25th January.

105th Amendment Act (2021)

It restores the power of State Governments to identify and specify Socially and Economically Backward Classes (SEBCs). It received the assent of the President of India. The Constitution (1 27th amendment) Bill 2021 was passed by the Parliament on 11th August, 2021.

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FAQs on important articles, schedules, parts and amendments of the Indian constitution

The first schedule of the Indian constitution is related to _?

state and union territory

12th Schedule comes under which article?

Article 243-W

which part of the Indian constitution deals with Finance, property, contracts and suits?

Part 12

Emergency provisions come under which part of the Indian constitution?

Part 18

What is the total number of Parts of the Indian Constitution?


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Last updated: August 18, 2023 Updated on 8:05 AM