Attorney General of India: a complete list of Attorney General of India. The first Attorney General of India was M. C. Setalvad. Attorney General of India Present, List, Salary, Tenure, Function 2023-2024 – Best Competitive exam notes
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Attorney General of India
Attorney General India is the chief legal counsel of the Central government. They also serve as counsel to the Indian Supreme Court. The Attorney General’s position and the responsibilities it carries are explained in Article 76 of Section V of the Indian Constitution.
Section 76, Part V in the Indian Constitution defines the position of the Attorney General in India. The main legal representative is the Attorney General. They are charged with protecting the government in an Indian Supreme Court. It is not advisable to make politics an issue in the appointment by the attorney general.
Attorney General of India (at present)
The Attorney General’s position in India is being appointed for a term of three years with R Venkataramani, a senior Supreme Court lawyer.
Legal professional R Venkataramani has 42 years of experience in India’s most prestigious court. He was a lawyer in 1977 when he enrolled as a lawyer with the Tamil Nadu Bar Council, and in 1979, he started working as a Senior Supreme Court Advocate PP Rao. He started his own practice at the Supreme Court in 1982, and in 1997, he was awarded the honorary title: Senior Advocate in the SC.
He was a lawyer in the area in a variety of areas such as constitutional law and indirect tax law human rights law civil and criminal laws, consumer law and laws governing the provision of services. In 2001 an international group of jurists, the International Commission of Jurists and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights jointly asked him to speak at their meeting in Geneva. The purpose of the workshop was to present an update on the 1996 Optional Protocol to the International Covenants on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) to the Human Rights Commission.
Senior Attorney Venkataramani was also involved in ICESCR-related functions as well as the International Court of Justice in the Afro-Asian region. The lawyer became a part of the Law Committee in 2010 and returned in 2013 for another term. He succeeds K K Venugopal as India’s Attorney General.
Tenure of the Attorney General of India
Attorney Generals are selected by the president of India. He has to possess the qualifications of being an Indian citizen and must have had a minimum of 10 years of experience in the high courts, or five years in the capacity of a judge in an Indian state. The Attorney General may also be considered an outstanding judge by President. The time frame for the Attorney General’s term is not spelt out within the Federal Constitution.
The Constitution is silent on the procedure to remove them and the reason for the removal. In the end, they are dependent on the President’s decision and thus are susceptible to removal at any point. The Attorney General can retire by sending the President a written notice of resignation. There aren’t any constitutional limitations on the Attorney General’s salary and the amount is decided by the President at his discretion.
Appointment of Attorney General of India
In addition to executing the legal obligations the president delegated the president, he provides legal advice for members of the Indian government on the subjects the president addresses. Furthermore, he complies with the obligations outlined in the Constitution or other legislation.
In all cases that the president calls any case that is referred to the Supreme Court in accordance with Article 143 of the Constitution He is speaking in the name of the Indian government. He is also a witness in any matter involving government officials of the Government of India at the request of the Government of India before any high court.
Limitations of Attorney General of India
The Central Cabinet has a separate law ministry that is responsible for federal legal matters. The Attorney General is not part of the Central Cabinet. To avoid conflicts of interest, the Attorney General must be aware that there are certain limitations.
The Indian Attorney General should not make any recommendations or give criticism of the Indian government. The Indian Attorney General should not give advice to any ministry, department, statutory body or Public Sector Company of India unless requested by the Department of Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Law and Justice.
However, the Attorney General is not an employee of the government and is not a legal advisor. It is legal for them to practice law privately. Without permission from the Government of India, he or she should not be allowed to represent someone who has been accused in a criminal case. He or she should not accept a position as a director in any company or business.
List of Attorney General of India 2023-24
|Attorney Generals of India||Tenure|
|M.C. Setalvad||28 January 1950 – 1 March 1963|
|C.K. Daftari||2 March 1963 – 30 October 1968|
|Niren de||1 November 1968 – 31 March 1977|
|S.V. Gupte||1st April 1977 – 8th August 1979|
|L.N. Sinha||9th August 1979 – 8th August 1983|
|K. Parasaran||9th August 1983 – 8th December 1989|
|Soli Sorabjee||9th December 1989 – 2nd December 1990|
|J. Ramaswamy||3rd December 1990 – November 23rd 1992|
|Milon K. Banerji||21st November 1992 – 8th July 1996|
|Ashok Desai||9th July 1996 – 6th April 1998|
|Soli Sorabjee||7th April 1998 – 4th June 2004|
|Milon K. Banerjee||5th June 2004 – 7th June 2009|
|Goolam Essaji Vahanvati||8th June 2009 – 11th June 2014|
|Mukul Rohatgi||12th June 2014 – 30th June 2017|
|K.K. Venugopal||30th June 2017 – September 22nd , 2022|
|R. Venkataramani||1st October 2022 till date|
The First Attorney General of India
M.C., the First Attorney General of India. Setalvad held the position for 13 years, while Soli Sorabjee held it for only a few years. He was nevertheless twice elected to the position.
The Attorney General of India UPSC
- The Union Executive also includes the Indian Attorney General (AG). He is the highest-ranking law enforcement official in the country. He is eligible to appear before any Indian Territory court.
- These rights apply to him when he takes part in proceedings of the Indian parliament:
- He is entitled to speak. He can participate in the proceedings of both Houses of Parliament as well as their joint session. He may also participate in any other committee of the Parliament to which he may be a member.
- He is not considered a government employee and is allowed to practice law privately.
- The Attorney General is entitled to participate in the proceedings of any House of Parliament or joint sitting thereof, and any committee of which he/she may be named as a member. However, he/she does not have the right to vote.
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Notes, Syllabus & Important Topics
FAQs on the Attorney General of India
Who is India’s Present attorney general?
R. Venkataramani, the current Attorney-General of India, is his successor. On 1 October 2022, he was elected 16th Attorney General. K. K. Venugopal was his predecessor.
What role does the Attorney General play in India?
As a chief legal advisor to the government of India, he advises the union government on all legal matters. He must have either completed 5 years in the High Court of any Indian state as a judge or 10 years in the High Court as an advocate.
Who is the current Solicitor General for India 2022?
The current Solicitor General of India is Tushar Mehta.
Who was India’s first Attorney-General?
The first Attorney General of India was M. C. Setalvad and the present Attorney General of India is K. K. Venugopal.
Who is the 13th Attorney-General of India?
R Venkataramani, a senior advocate, has been elected the new Attorney General for India. R Venkataramani, a senior advocate, has been named the new Attorney General for India. For a period of three years, the President has named Mr Venkataramani the new Attorney General.
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