According to The Lancet report- 2.4million Indians die of treatable conditions every year, the worst situation among 136 Nations. ‘For a growth-oriented Nation, it is a prerequisite to convert its citizens into valuable assets which are possible if people have healthy bodies and healthy minds. With this mindset, Ayushman Bharat or National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) was launched by PM Narendra Modi on 23rd September 2018 from Ranchi, Jharkhand.
The main objective of the scheme is to make interventions in primary, secondary and tertiary health care. NHPS is formed by subsuming multiple schemes including Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme, Central Government Health Scheme, and Employees State Insurance Scheme.
Some key features of NHPS are as follows-
- First, NHPS will touch the poorest and vulnerable sections of society.
- Second, Funding of centre and state governments in 60:40.
- Third, Setting up 1.5lakh wellness centres.
- Fourth, a Judicious combination of cashless & paperless treatment.
- Fifth, Free hospitalization in private empanelled as well as public hospitals.
NHPS will improve the quality of life, increase life expectancy, bolster the productivity of people and bring the whole of India under the umbrella of a single health care scheme. Also, states will get funding to set up ‘world-quality’ hospitals. Timely treatment, patient satisfaction, free medications, and the inclusion of private players are other pros of NHPS.
On the flip side, strict monitoring is necessary to weed out bogus beneficiaries. Since every family will get a cover of 5lakh per year without size restriction, it is imperative to ensure zero leakage of funds. Adequate doctors, robust infrastructure, and awareness among citizens are indispensable requirements. Hence, it is necessary that the ‘leave no one behind’ motto must be followed to make NHPS, a crown in India’s growth.
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