Best Medieval History Questions for competitive exams

Important Medieval History questions for different competitive exams: Here, students will get frequently asked Medieval Indian history questions with detailed solutions for competitive exams like UPSC CSE, CDS, SSC CGL, CHSL, CPO, and other competitive exams

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Medieval History Questions

  1. Who built the Khajuraho temples?
    a. Holkars
    b. Scindias
    c. Bundela
    d. Chandela

    Answer – d
    The temples of Khajuraho were commissioned by the Rajput rulers of Chandella Dynasty who ruled over central India from the 10th to the 13th Century CE. The temples are known for their elaborate and intricate carvings and sculpture. After fall of Chandella dynasty (after AD 1150), Khajuraho Temples suffered destruction & disfigurement by Muslim invaders. 

  2. Arabs were defeated in 738 AD by___
    a. Pratiharas
    b. Rashtrakutas
    c. Palas
    d. Chalukyas

    Answer – a
    The Battle of Rajasthan is a battle (or series of battles) , taken place in 738 A.D., somewhere on borders on modern Sind-Rajasthan. In the battle, the Gurjar Hindu alliance of Nagabhata I of the Pratihara Dynasty and Vikramaditya II of the Chalukya dynasty defeated the Arab invaders. The Arabs crossed over to the other side of the River Indus, abandoning all their lands to the victorious Indian kings.

  3. Who among the following Rajputa kings defeated Muhammad Ghori for the first time ?
    a. Prithviraj III
    b. Baghel Bhim 
    c. Jaichanda
    d. Kumarpal

    Answer – a
    A fierce battle between Ghori and Prithviraj took place at Tarain in 1191. Mohammed Ghori captured the fortress of Bhatinda in East Punjab, which was on the frontier of Prithiviraj Chauhan’s domains. Prithviraj was able to unite some Rajput states to present a united front against the common enemy. Ghori was badly injured and fled from the battleground. 

  4. Who constructed the world famous Jaganath Temple at Puri ?
    a. Krishnavarman 
    b. Anantvarman
    c. Devavarman
    d. None of these 

    Answer – b
    Shree Jagannath Puri Temple is one of the most impressing monuments of the Indian State Odisha, was constructed by a famous king of Ganga Dynasty Ananta Varman Chodaganga Deva dating back to 12th century at the seashore Puri.

  5. Alberuni lived during the period of which one of the following ?
    a. Mahmud Ghaznavi 
    b. Mohammad Ghori 
    c. Alauddin Khalji 
    d. Firuzshah Tughlaq 

    Answer – a
    Al-Beruni was a Muslim astronomer, mathematician, ethnographist, anthropologist, historian, and geographer. He was born in Khwarazm, a region adjoining the Aral Sea now known as Karakalpakstan. He spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. His book on Indian culture is by far the most important of his encyclopaedic works.  

  6. The Dilwara Temple is located at____
    a. Bhubaneswar 
    b. Aurangabad
    c. Khajuraho
    d. Mout Abu 

    Answer – d
    The famous Dilwara temples are located in Mount Abu of Rajasthan state. These are the famous Jain temples which were built by Vastupal-Tejpal, Jain laymen, between the 11th and 13th century AD. These temples are made of marble stone.  

  7. Jaideva, the famous author of ‘Gita Gobinda’ was the court poet of____
    a. Harsha
    b. Prithviraj Chauhan
    c. Lakshmanasena 
    d. None of these 

    Answer – c
    Geet Govind is an epic poem,written in Sanskrit by Jayadev in the eleventh or twelfth century.Jayadev was the royal poet in the court of King Lakshmansen of Bengal. In this poem he unabashedly describes the love affair of Krishna (also known as Govind or Govinda,literally translated as “the protector of cows”) and Radha. 

  8. Who fought the battle of waihind (1009 AD) ?
    a. Anandpala and Mahmud Ghaznavi 
    b. Jayapala  and Muhammad Ghori
    c. Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori
    d. Jaichandra and Bakhtiyar Khalji

    Answer – a
    The Battle of Waihind in 1008-09 AD was fought between Mahmud of Ghazni and Hindu shahi ruler Anandapala. In this battle, Anandpala had organized a confederacy of rulers of Ujjain, Gwalior,Kalinjar, Kannauj, Delhi and Ajmer, but the alliance was defeated.

  9. The sun temple of Konark was built by Narasimhadeva I To which dynasty he belong to ?
    a. Somvanshi dynasty 
    b. Gang dynasty
    c. Suryavanshi dynasty
    d. Bhoi dynasty

    Answer – b
    The Sun Temple at Konark, located on the eastern shores of the Indian subcontinent, is one of the outstanding examples of temple architecture. Built in 13th century by King Narasimhadeva, it was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984. Narsimhadeva was a powerful monarch and warrior of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty of medieval Odisha who reigned from 1238 to 1264.

  10. Which one of the following is NOT a feature of North Indian temple architecture ?
    a. Shikhara
    b. Garbha Griha 
    c. Gopuram
    d. Pradakshina-path

    Answer – c
    Gopuram is not a feature of north Indian temple architecture. In the north, the Shikhara remains the most prominent element of the temple and the gateway is usually modest. In the south, enclosure walls were built around the whole complex and along these walls, ideally set along the east-west and north-south axes, elaborate and often magnificent gateway called Gopurams led the devotees into the sacred courtyard. 

  11. Who among the following is well known for his contribution in the field of Algebra ?
    a. Aryabhatta
    b. Brahmagupta
    c. Bhaskara
    d. Lalla

    Answer – c
    Bhaskar is famous for his contribution in the field of algebra.

  12. The presiding deity of Bhojshala Temple is____
    a. Goddess Durga 
    b. Goddess Laxmi
    c. Goddess Saraswati
    d. Goddess Parvati

    Answer – c
     ‘Bhojshala’ is an ancient and the only temple of Mata Saraswati, Goddess of Knowledge and Wisdom. It is located in Dhar, Madhya Pradesh, India. It was built by Parawara King Bhoja in 11th Century AD. 

  13. ‘Daskumar Charitram’ was composed by____
    a. Surdas
    b. Dandin
    c. Tulsidas
    d. Kalidas

    Answer – b
     Daskumar Charitam describes the adventures of ten young men, the Kumaras, by themselves. It is a prose romance in Sanskrit, composed by Dandin. It is believed to have flourished in the seventh to eighth centuries CE.

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Last updated: August 17, 2023 Updated on 11:02 AM