List of Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest, and Smallest of the World

Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest, and Smallest of the World – General Knowledge Notes [pdf] Free Download – GK and General awareness notes and questions with solutions for competitive and government exams UPSC CSE, CDS, NDA, SSC CGL, CHSL, CPO, MTS, RRB, EPFO, APFC, ALC, RBI, BANKING, ASRB, CISF, CAPF, DEFENCE, STATE PCS, and Other central and state government exams.

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Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest in India
Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest in World
Important Monumens/ Structures in the World
National Emblems of Some Countries
Abbreviations
International Airlines
Intelligence Agencies of the World
Parliaments of Some Countries
World Organisations and their Headquarters
Important Days of India and the World
Famous Tourist Spots of India
First Chief Ministers in India
Tallest Animal (on land)Giraffe
Biggest BellTsar Bell, Moscow
Fastest BirdPeregrine Falcon (322 km/hr)
Largest BirdOstrich
Smallest BirdBee Humming Bird
Longest Bridge (Railway)Dan Yang-Kunshan Grand Bridge, Beijing (China)
Tallest BuildingBurj Khalifa, Dubai (U.A.E.)
Tallest Residential Building432, Park Avenue, New York (US)
Biggest Cinema HouseRoxy (New York)
Highest CityWen Zhuan (Tibet, China) 16,732 ft.
Largest City (in population)Tokyo [(3,71,26,000), Est. population in 2011]
Biggest City (in area)New York (8,683 sq. km.)
Largest ContinentAsia
Smallest ContinentAustralia
Largest Country (in population)China
Largest Country (in area)Russia
Largest Coral FormationThe Great Barrier Reef (Australia)
Largest DamThe Three Georges Dam (China)
Longest DayJune 21 (in Northern Hemisphere)
Shortest DayDecember 22 (in Northern Hemisphere)
Largest DeltaSundarbans, India (8000 sq. miles)
Largest Desert (world)Sahara, Africa (84,00,000 sq. km)
Largest DiamondThe Cullinan (over 1 1/2 lb.)
Longest EpicThe Mahabharata
Largest IslandGreenland (renamed Kalaatdlit Nunaat)
Largest Lake (Artificial)Lake Volta (Ghana)
Deepest LakeBaikal (Siberia, Russia); depth 5314 feet (1,637 m)
Highest LakeTiticaca (Bolivia) 12,645 ft. above sea level
Largest Lake (Freshwater)Lake Superior, U.S.A.
Largest Lake (Saltwater)Caspian Sea (3,71,000 sq. km.)
Largest MosqueMasjid-al-Haram, Mecca, Saudi Arabia (3,56,000 sq. m)
Biggest LibraryNational Kiev Library, Moscow and Library of the Congress, Washington
Highest Mountain Peak (world)Everest (Nepal) 29,035 ft. (8,850 m)
Highest Mountain RangeHimalayas
Longest Mountain RangeAndes (S. America) about 7,000 km in length
Biggest MuseumLouvre (Paris)
Tallest Minaret (Free standing)Qutub Minar, Delhi 238 ft.
Deepest And Biggest OceanThe Pacific
Largest palaceImperial Palace (Gugong), Beijing (China)
Largest ParkNortheast Greenland National Park, Greenland
Largest PeninsulaArabia (32,50,000 sq. km.)
Coldest Place or RegionVostok (Antarctica), Temperature -93.2℃
Driest PlaceAtacama Desert (South America)
Largest PlanetJupiter
Brightest and Hottest Planet (also nearest to Earth)Venus
Farthest Planet (from the sun)Neptune
Nearest Planet (to the sun)Mercury
Smallest PlanetMercury
Highest PlateauPamir (Tibet)
Longest Platform (Railway)Gorakhpur ( U.P.) India (1366.33 m)
Largest Platform (Railway)Grand Central Terminal, New York (U.S.A.)
Largest PortPort of Shanghai (China)
Busiest PortPort of Shanghai (China)
Longest RailwayTrans-Siberian Railway (5,772 miles long)
Longest RiverNile (6690 km), Amazon (6570 km)
Longest River DamHirakud Dam (Odisha), India 15.8 miles
Largest Sea-birdAlbatross
Largest Sea (inland)Caspian Sea (1,43,200 sq. miles)
Brightest StarSirius A (also called Dog Star)
Tallest Statue (Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel)‘Statue of Unity’ (182 m). Sadhubet, near Sardar Sarovar Dam, Gujarat (India)
Tallest Statue (bronze)Bronze Statue of Lord Buddha, Tokyo (Japan)
Tallest TowerBurj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE – 2716.5 ft
Longest and Deepest Rail TunnelGotthard Tunnel (Switzerland), (57.09 km)
Longest and Largest Canal TunnelLe Rove Tunnel (South of France)
Longest Tunnel (Road)Laerdal, Norway (24.51 km)
Highest VolcanoOjos del Salado, Andes, Argentine-Chile (6,885m.)
Largest VolcanoMauna Loa (Hawaii)
Longest WallGreat Wall of China (1500 miles)
Highest WaterfallSalto Angel Falls (Venezuela)
Longest StraitStraight Of Malacca
Broadest StraitDavis Straits (Greenland and Baffin Island, Canada)
Narrowest StraitChaliks – 45 yards (Between the Greek mainland the island of Euboea in the Aegean Sea)
Largest GulfGulf of Mexico, Shoreline 2100 miles
Largest ArchipelagoMalay Archipelago, Indonesia
Tallest Active GeyserSteamboat Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, U.S.A. 300 ft
Largest River BasinAmazon basin-27,20,000 sq. miles
World’s Rainiest spotMawsynram, Meghalaya, India (11,873 mm)
Lightest GasHydrogen
Lightest MetalLithium
Highest Melting PointTungsten, 3422℃
Hardest substance (synthetic)Wurtzite boron nitride
Hardest substance (comes from meteorites)Lonsdaleite
Hardest Natural Substance (found on earth)Diamond
Largest Diamond producing mineOrapa (Botswana)
Longest AnimalBlue whale, (recorded length 106 feet, weight – 195 tons)
Longest Life-span of an Animal190 to 200 years, (Giant tortoise)
Largest Land AnimalAfrican Bush Elephant
Fastest AnimalCheetah (Leopard) 70 km.p.h.
Longest jump AnimalKangaroo
Longest Wing spread birdSooty AIbatross
Fastest DogPersian Grey Hound (speed 43 km.p.h)
Longest poisonous SnakeKing Cobra
Biggest FlowerRaffesia arnoldi (Java)
Largest ChurchBasilica of St. Peter, Vatican City. Rome (Italy)
Largest TempleAngkor Wat (Combodia)
Largest River in VolumeAmazon, Brazil
Longest CorridorRamanathaswamy Temple’s Corridor, Rameshwaram (5,000 feet)
Highest Straight DamBhakhra Dam (India)
Highest Capital CityLa Paz (Bolivia)
Largest Asian desertGobi, Mongolia
Largest DemocracyIndia
Largest Neck AnimalGiraffe
Largest Animal of the Cat FamilyLion
Most Intelligent AnimalChimpanzee
Bird, that never makes its nestCuckoo
Wingless BirdKiwi
Reptile which changes its coloursChameleon
Largest MammalBlue Whale
Smallest CountryVatican City
Smallest CityVatican City
Country With Lowest Population DensityAntarctica
Country with Highest Population DensitySingapore
Least Populated CityVatican City
Country with Longest BorderCanada
Country with maximum adjoining bordersChina (13 Countries)
Shortest RiverRoe River (201 Feet/ 61 meters long)

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