Decision Making and Problem Solving concept questions and pdf download link

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decision making and problem solving

What is decision making?

Decision-making is the process of making decisions at every step of the process for solving problems. It is the process of choosing a course of action from a variety of courses of action to take in order to solve a challenge. It can also be described as the method by the process of bringing ideas, information as well as knowledge, objectives and goals are brought together in order to act. The process of making decisions is an integral component of problem-solving. it is a part of every stage of the process of problem-solving.

What is problem solving?

A problem-solving process is series of actions designed to study the situation in detail and develop the necessary, implemented, and analyzed solutions. It involves looking for solutions to issues that arise within an institution. Problem-solving processes lead to the formulation of a plan to solve the identified issues.

Video on Decision making and Problem solving

The below video explain the decision making and problem solving syllabus and questions of CSIR CASE Exam 2024.

decision making and problem solving questions and explanation csir case exam 2024

Decision making and problem solving questions

Here we have provided 50 important questions on decision making and problem solving for students. the link to download pdf has been given below. These decision making questions with answers are very helpful in many government exams like upsc and CSIR CASE ASO SO Examination.

Decision making questions for competitive exams are generaly asked in upsc, csir case aso and so examination. Decision making problem solving questions examples have been given below:

1Scenario: An area is affected by severe flooding. You, as a district magistrate, have limited resources. Which of the following should be your immediate priority?
A. Repairing roads
B. Distributing food and water
C. Rebuilding houses
D. Organizing entertainment to lift people’s spirits

Answer: B. Distributing food and water

Solution: Immediate needs like food and water are crucial for survival in disaster scenarios, making them the top priority.
2Scenario: You are working on a project with a tight deadline. Your team member is consistently delivering work late, affecting the timeline. What should be your immediate step?
A. Report the member to higher authorities
B. Remove the member from the team
C. Discuss the issue with the member
D. Ignore the issue and adjust the project timeline

Answer: C. Discuss the issue with the member

Solution: Communication is key in resolving team disputes. Before taking drastic measures, understanding the member’s perspective and finding a solution collaboratively is advisable.
3Scenario: Your city is facing a significant rise in COVID-19 cases. As an officer, you are assigned to create awareness. Which approach is most effective?
A. Distribute pamphlets
B. Organize large public awareness events
C. Implement awareness through social media and local networks
D. Ignore the situation, assuming people are already aware

Answer: C. Implement awareness through social media and local networks

Solution: Social media and local networks provide wide reach without risking further spread through large gatherings.
4Scenario: Your department is facing budget constraints, and you need to make cost-cutting decisions. What would be the most appropriate step?
A. Reduce employee salaries
B. Cut down on non-essential expenses
C. Lay off a portion of the workforce
D. Delay essential projects until funds are available

Answer: B. Cut down on non-essential expenses

Solution: Cutting down on non-essential expenses allows for budget optimization without directly impacting employee livelihoods or delaying critical projects.
5Scenario: You are in charge of disaster response in a region hit by a major earthquake. What is the first action you should take?
A. Deploy search and rescue teams
B. Provide medical assistance to the injured
C. Assess the extent of damage
D. Activate emergency shelters

Answer: C. Assess the extent of damage
Solution: Understanding the severity and extent of damage is crucial for planning and prioritizing subsequent actions in disaster response.
6Scenario: There is a surge in corruption allegations within your department. What is the most appropriate initial step?
A. Conduct an internal investigation
B. Report the allegations to external authorities
C. Dismiss the allegations as baseless rumors
D. Seek advice from colleagues before taking any action

Answer: A. Conduct an internal investigation
Solution: An internal investigation is the first step to gather facts and determine the validity of corruption allegations before involving external authorities.
7Scenario: Your organization is transitioning to remote work permanently. What is the key consideration in managing remote teams effectively?
A. Enforce strict daily check-ins
B. Implement comprehensive employee monitoring tools
C. Establish clear communication channels and expectations
D. Allow employees complete autonomy

Answer: C. Establish clear communication channels and expectations
Solution: Clear communication is vital in remote work settings to ensure coordination, collaboration, and a shared understanding of expectations among team members.
8Scenario: Your department is responsible for implementing a new policy that may be unpopular among employees. What is the most effective communication strategy?
A. Announce the policy abruptly to minimize resistance
B. Provide clear explanations and reasons behind the policy
C. Keep the details of the policy confidential to avoid backlash
D. Delegate the communication responsibility to team leaders

Answer: B. Provide clear explanations and reasons behind the policy
Solution: Transparent communication helps build understanding and acceptance among employees, reducing resistance to new policies.
9Scenario: There’s a public outcry about environmental issues in your district. What should be your immediate action as a district administrator?
A. Release a public statement defending current practices
B. Form a committee to investigate the environmental concerns
C. Engage with environmental activists to understand their perspectives
D. Ignore the outcry, assuming it will subside on its own

Answer: C. Engage with environmental activists to understand their perspectives
Solution: Engaging with stakeholders and understanding their concerns is crucial for informed decision-making and community relations.
10Scenario: A government project in your jurisdiction is behind schedule, and there are concerns about quality compromises. What should you prioritize?
A. Speed up the project to meet deadlines
B. Evaluate the quality issues and make necessary corrections
C. Shift blame to contractors or subordinates
D. Downplay the quality concerns to avoid negative publicity

Answer: B. Evaluate the quality issues and make necessary corrections
Solution: Prioritizing quality over speed is essential to ensure the long-term success and sustainability of government projects.
11Scenario: Your municipality is facing a shortage of clean water supply. What is the most immediate action?
A. Implement water rationing
B. Drill new wells to extract more water
C. Request assistance from neighboring regions
D. Launch a public awareness campaign on water conservation

Answer: C. Request assistance from neighboring regions
Solution: Seeking assistance from neighboring regions can provide immediate relief while addressing the underlying issue of water shortage.
12Scenario: Your department is responsible for implementing a new technology system. How would you address potential resistance from employees?
A. Enforce the use of the new system without seeking feedback
B. Provide training sessions and offer support for employees adapting to the new system
C. Ignore employee concerns, assuming they will adjust over time
D. Postpone the implementation to avoid disruptions

Answer: B. Provide training sessions and offer support for employees adapting to the new system
Solution: Addressing resistance through training and support helps employees feel more comfortable with the change and increases the likelihood of successful implementation.
13Scenario: A government initiative aimed at poverty reduction is not achieving the desired outcomes. What would be your approach to improve its effectiveness?
A. Discontinue the initiative to cut losses
B. Conduct a thorough evaluation to identify weaknesses and areas for improvement
C. Shift focus to a different initiative without assessing the current one
D. Blame external factors for the lack of success

Answer: B. Conduct a thorough evaluation to identify weaknesses and areas for improvement
Solution: A comprehensive evaluation allows for targeted improvements and adjustments to enhance the effectiveness of the poverty reduction initiative.
14Scenario: There are allegations of discrimination within your organization. What should be your immediate response?
A. Dismiss the allegations as unfounded rumors
B. Conduct a fair and impartial investigation into the allegations
C. Take disciplinary action without a proper investigation
D. Ignore the allegations, assuming they will not affect the organization

Answer: B. Conduct a fair and impartial investigation into the allegations
Solution: A fair and impartial investigation is essential to address allegations of discrimination and maintain a positive organizational culture.
15Scenario: Your city is facing traffic congestion issues. What measures would you prioritize to address this problem?
A. Implement a public transportation system
B. Construct more roads and highways
C. Encourage carpooling and promote alternative transportation methods
D. Impose heavy fines for traffic violations

Answer: C. Encourage carpooling and promote alternative transportation methods
Solution: Promoting alternative transportation methods helps reduce individual car usage and alleviate traffic congestion.
16Scenario: Your municipality is experiencing a surge in public complaints about inefficient waste management. What immediate steps would you take?
A. Increase the frequency of waste collection
B. Conduct a public awareness campaign on proper waste disposal
C. Collaborate with waste management experts to assess and improve the system
D. Disregard the complaints, assuming they are exaggerated

Answer: C. Collaborate with waste management experts to assess and improve the system
Solution: Involving experts in waste management helps identify root causes and implement effective solutions to address public concerns.
17Scenario: Your department is tasked with organizing a large-scale public event. How would you handle potential security risks?
A. Minimize security measures to avoid inconvenience to attendees
B. Collaborate with law enforcement agencies and implement comprehensive security measures
C. Ignore security concerns, assuming they won’t materialize
D. Cancel the event to eliminate security risks

Answer: B. Collaborate with law enforcement agencies and implement comprehensive security measures
Solution: Ensuring collaboration with law enforcement and implementing thorough security measures is essential for the safety of attendees at large public events.
18Scenario: There is a growing need for affordable housing in your city. What strategies would you prioritize to address this issue?
A. Implement rent control policies
B. Encourage private-sector partnerships for affordable housing projects
C. Ignore the issue, assuming it will resolve on its own
D. Build more luxury housing to attract higher-income residents

Answer: B. Encourage private-sector partnerships for affordable housing projects
Solution: Collaborating with the private sector can help create affordable housing options and address the growing demand.
19Scenario: Your department is responsible for disaster preparedness. What measures should be taken to enhance community resilience?
A. Develop and communicate emergency evacuation plans
B. Stockpile emergency supplies without community involvement
C. Ignore disaster preparedness, assuming it is not a priority
D. Assign responsibility to individual households without providing guidance

Answer: A. Develop and communicate emergency evacuation plans
Solution: Clear and communicated emergency evacuation plans empower the community to respond effectively during disasters.
20Scenario: There is a significant backlog of citizen complaints within your department. How would you address this backlog efficiently?
A. Hire additional staff to handle the complaints
B. Prioritize complaints based on severity and address them systematically
C. Ignore the backlog, assuming it will decrease over time
D. Implement an automated system and ignore manual processing

Answer: B. Prioritize complaints based on severity and address them systematically
Solution: Prioritizing complaints based on severity allows for efficient resolution and addresses urgent matters first.
21You have been asked to give an explanation for not attending an important official meeting. Your immediate boss who has not informed you about the meeting is now putting pressure on you not to place an allegation against him/her. You would
(a) send a written reply explaining the fact
(b) seek an appointment with the top boss to explain the situation
(c) admit your fault to save the situation
(d) put the responsibility on the coordinator of the meeting for not informing

Ans. (a)
Exp. As you have been asked to give an explanation, so it is the best way to give a written reply explaining the fact. Hence, answer is (a).
22A local thug (bad element) has started illegal construction on your vacant plot. He has refused your request to vacate and threatened you of dire consequences in case you do not sell the property at a cheap price to him. You would
(a) sell the property at a cheap price to him
(b) go to the police for necessary action
(c) ask for help from your neighbours
(d) negotiate with the goon to get a higher price

Ans. (b)
Exp. In such a situation, going to the police for necessary action is the best action that should be taken. Hence, answer is (b).
23You have to accomplish a very important task for your Headquarters within the next two days. Suddenly you meet with an accident. Your office insists that you complete the task. You would
(a) ask for an extension of deadline
(b) inform Headquarters of your inability to finish on time
(c) suggest alternate person to Headquarters who may do the needful
(d) stay away till you recover

Ans. (b)
Exp. Informing Headquanters of your inability to finish the work one time, explaning the reason is the best action. So, answer is (b).
24You are an officer-in-charge for providing basic medical facilities to the survivors of an earthquake affected area. Despite your best possible effort, people put allegations against you for making money out of the funds given for relief. You would
(a) let an enquiry be set up to look into the matter
(b) ask your senior to appoint some other person in your place
(c) not pay attention to allegations
(d) stop undertaking any initiative till the matter is resolved

Ans. (c)
Exp. As you are doing your work honestly and with complete dedication, so thet best action is not to pay attention to the allegations. Hence, answer is (c).
25You have been made responsible to hire boats at a short notice to be used for an area under flood. On seeing the price mentioned by the boat owners you found that the lowest price was approximately three times more than the approved rate of the Government. You would
(a) reject the proposal and call for a fresh price
(b) accept the lowest price
(c) refer the matter to the Government and wait
(d) threaten the boat owners about a possible cancellation of the license

Ans. (a)
Exp. Since, the price mentioned by the boat owners are three times the approved government rate so you cannot accept the lowest price at once, as you are a responsible government employee and the money given to you is not yours. So, in such situation it is best to reject the proposal and call for a fresh price.
26You are the officer-in-charge of a village administering distribution of vaccine in an isolated epidemic hit village and you are left with only one vaccine. There is a requirement of that vaccine from the Gram Pradhan and also a poor villager. You are being pressurized by the Gram Pradhan to issue the vaccine to him. You would
(a) initiate the procedure to expedite the next supply without issuing the vaccine to either
(b) arrange vaccine for the poor villager from the distributor of another area
(c) ask both to approach a doctor and get an input about the urgency
(d) arrange vaccine for the Gram Pradhan from the distributor of another area

Ans. (c)
Exp. In the given situation. you need to consull a doctor’s advice before reaching to any conclusion Then, after knowing the noed and urgency. you can guve medicine So, answer is (c).
27You have taken up a project to create night-shelters for homeless people during the winter season. Within a week of establishing the shelters, you have received complaints from the residents of the area about the increase in theft cases with a demand toremove the shelters. You would
(a) ask them to lodge a written complaint in the police station
(b) assure residents of an enquiry into the matter
(c) ask residents to consider the humanitarian effort made
(d) continue with the project and ignore their complaint

Ans. (b)
Exp. As a responsible project manager, it is your responsibility to pacify the residents, who have complained to you. The best action in such situation is to assure residents of an inquiry into the matter.
28You, as an administrative authority, have been approached, by the daughter-in-law of aninfluential person regarding harassment by her in-laws on account of insufficient dowry. Her parents are not able to approach you because of social pressures. You would
(a) call the in-laws for an explanation
(b) counsel the lady to adjust, given such a circumstance
(c) take action after her parents approach you
(d) ask her to lodge a complaint with the police

Ans. (d)
Exp. Here, the best option is to ask her to lodge a complaint with the police for future actions. Hence, answer is (d).
29You have difference of opinion regarding the final report prepared by your subordinate that is to be submitted urgently. The subordinate is justifying the information given in the report. You would
(a) convince the subordinate that he is wrong
(b) Tell him to reconsider the results
(c) revise the report on your own
(d) tell him not to justify the mistake

Ans. (c)
Exp. Considering the urgency options (a) and (b) would result in loses of turne Option (c) would result in an unnecessary dispute. So the best action is to revise the report on yourown and after that you can guide subordinate about the report. So option (c) is best course of action.
30You are competing with your batch-mate for a prestigious award to be decided based on an oral presentation. Ten minutes are allowed for each presentation. You have been asked by the committer to finish on time. Your friend, however, is allowed more than the stipulated time period. You would
(a) lodge a complaint to the chairperson against the discrimination
(b) not listen to any justification from the cornmittee
(c) ask for withdrawal of your name
(d) protest and leave the place

Ans. (a)
Exp. Withdrawal of your name is an escapist, attitude. Protesting is correct but lodging a complaint to the concerned authority will give the result. So, option (a) is the best course of action.
31You are handling a time-bound project. During the project review meeting, you find that the project is likely to get delayed due to lack of cooperation of the team members. You would…
(a) warn the team members for their non-cooperation
(b) look into reasons for non-cooperation
(c) ask for the replacement of team members
(d) ask for extension of time citing reasons

Ans. (b)
Exp. Looking into reasons for non-cooperation and then rectifying it is the correct step. Options (c) and (d) show lack of leadership qualities. Option (a) will not solve the problempermanently. So, option (b) is correct.
32You are the chairperson of a state sports committee. You have received a complaint and later it was found that an athlete in the junior age category who has won a medal has crossed the age criteria by 5 days. You would
(a) ask the screening committee for a clarification
(b) ask the athlete to return the medal
(c) ask the athlete to get an affidavit from the court declaring his/her age
(d) ask the members of the sports committee for their views

Ans. (b)
Exp. Since, it is proved that athlete has crossed the age criteria so options (a) and (d) are ruled out. Asking for an affidavit does not change the fact. So, best course of action would be to ask the athlete to retum the medal. So, option (b) is correct.
33You are handling a priority project and have been meeting all the deadlines and are therefore planning your leave during the project. Your immediate boss does not grant your leave citing the urgency of the project. You would
(a) proceed on leave without waiting for the sanction
(b) pretend to be sick and take leave
(c) approach higher authority to reconsider the leave application
(d) tell the boss that it is not justified

Ans. (c)
Exp. Option (a) shows your adamant attitude Option (b) is ethically not permitted. Arguing with the immediate boss is not correct as it will not bning any result. Option (c) is the best course of action.
34You are involved in setting up a water supply project in a remote area. Full recovery of cost is impossible in any case. The income levels in the area are low and 25% of the population is Below Poverty line (BPL). When a decision has to be taken on pricing you would
(a) recommend that the supply of water be free of charge in all respects
(b) recommend that the users pay a one time fixed sum for the installation of taps and the usage of water be free
(c) recommend that a fixed monthly charge be levied only on the non-BPL families and for BPL families water should be free
(d) recommend that the users pay a charge based on the consumption of water with differentiated charges for non-BPL families

Ans. (d)
Exp. Options (a) and (b) would result into wastage of water and loss for the project. Options (c) and (d) are good course of action but differentiated charges according to income level and consumption would be a better solution. So, option (d) is correct.
35As a citizen you have some work with a government department. The official calls you again and again and without directly asking you, sends out feelers for a bribe. You want to get your work done. You would
(a) give a bribe
(b) behave as if you have not understood the feelers and persist with your application
(c) go to the higher officer for help and verbally complaining about feelers
(d) send in a formal complaint

Ans. (c)
Exp. Option (a) is not correct and ethically not permitted. Option (b) will not solve your problem. Giving a written complaint about the feeler is logically not correct. So, best course of action is to go to the higher officer for help and verbally complaining about feelers.
36Consider the following statements
1. A primary group is relatively smaller in size.
2. Intimacy is an essential characteristic of a primary group.
3. A family may be an example of a primary group.

In the light of the above statements, which one of the following is true?
(a) All families are primary groups
(b) All primary groups are families
(c) A group of smaller size is always a primary group
(d) Members of a primary group know each other intimately

Ans. (d)
Exp. Option (a) is incorrect because statement 3 says that a family may be an example of primary group and not that all families are (b) is incorrect because we are told by statement 3 that a family may be a primary group and nothing about all primary groups. (c) is also incorrect because Statement 1 says that a primary group is relatively smaller in size and not whether it is actually small or not. (d) is correct. Statement 2 tells us that intimacy is an essential characteristic of a primary group which means that the members of a primary group know each other intimately.
37You are the head of your office. There are certain houses reserved for the allotment to the office staff and you have been given the discretion to do so. A set of rules for the allotment of the houses has been laid down by you and has been made public. Your personal secretary, who is very close to you, comes to you and pleads that as his father is seriously ill, he should be given priority in allotment of a house. The office secretariat that examined the request as per the rules turns down the request and recommends the procedure to be followed according to the rules. You do not want to annoy your personal secretary. In such circumstances, what would you do?
(a) Call him over to your room and personally explain why the allotment cannot be done
(b) Allot the house to him to win his loyalty
(c) Agree with the office note to show that you are not biased and that you do not indulge in favouritism
(d) Keep the file with you and not pass any orders

Ans. (a, c)
Exp. Here, we have two objectives according to the question, not to annoy the secretary and to follow the rules and the law. Option (a) allows to both follow the rules as well as not toannoy the secretary and so it should be the first choice. Option (c) follows the rules but might disrupt the relationship with the secretary. In any case following the law and not showing any kind of favoritism are imperatives Ans cannot be compromised for any friendship. Thus (c) is also an acceptable solution. Option (b) is clearly wrong as it shows favoritism and bias and breaks the official rules. Option (d) is also clearly wrong as not doing your job because it might lead to unfavorable results for someone is also not acceptable.
38While travelling in a Delhi-registered commercial taxi from Delhi to an adjacent city (another State), your taxi driver informs you that as he has no permit for running the taxi in that city, he will stop at its Transport Office and pay the prescribed fee of ₹ 40 for a day. While paying the fee at the counter you find that the transport clerk is taking an extra F ^250 for which no receipt is being given. You are in a hurry for your meeting. In such circumstances, what would you do?
(a) Go up to the counter and ask the clerk to give back the money which he has illegally taken
(b) Do not interfere at all as this is a matter between the taxi driver and the tax authorities
(c) Take note of the incident and subsequently report the matter to the concerned authorities
(d) Treat it as a normal affair and simply forget about it

Ans. (c.a)
Exp. Here, again we have two objectives. Firstly, it is our responsibility to report any case of comuption that we come across. Secondly, time is precious in this situation and reaching the destination on time is also important. In this case, we can give either give prionity to reaching the meeting, since reporting the case later on will not cause any irreversible damage or we can also take care of the matter then and there. Thus, option (c) is correct and option (a) is also acceptable. Options (b) and (d) are clearly wrong because they ignorethe case of comption. Taking cognizance of such matters even if they don’t fall in ones domain is every citizen’s public responsibility.
39A person lives in a far off village which is almost two hours by bus. The villager’s neighbour is a very powerful landlord who is trying to occupy the poor villager’s land by force. You are the District Magistrate and busy in a meeting called by a local Minister. The villager has come all the way, by bus and on foot, to see you and give an applicationseeking protection from the powerful landlord. The villager keeps on waiting outside the meeting hall for an hour. You come out of the meeting and are rushing to another meeting. The villager follows you to submit his application. What would you do?
(a) Tell him to wait for another two hours till you come back from your next meeting
(b) Tell him that the matter is actually to be dealt by a junior officer and that he should give the application to him
(c) Call one of your senior subordinate officers and ask him wo solve the villager’s problem
(d) Quickly take the application from him, ask him a few relevant questions regarding his problem and then proceed to the meeting

Ans. (d,c)
Exp. Here, we have two objectives to achieve at the same time. Firstly. we have to help the villager who has come from far off Secondly, we have to reach the second meeting on time.opt or (d) allows us to achieve both Option (c) also achieves the same objectives though itmeans that the villager will have to wait for a little more time Options (a) and (d) are wrong as, they will increase the troubles of the villager who might not be able to wait longer.
40There is a shortage of sugar in your district, where you are the District Magistrate. The government has ordered that only a maximum amount of 30kg sugar is to be released for wedding celebrations. A son of your close friend is getting married and your friend requests you to release at least 50kg sugar for his son’s wedding. He expresses annoyancewhen you tell him about the government’s restrictions on this matter. He feels that since you are the District Magistrate you can release any amount. You do not want to spoil your friendship with him. In such circumstances, how would you deal with the situation?
(a) Release the extra amount of sugar which your friend has requested for
(b) Refuse your friend the extra amount and strictly follow the rules
(c) Show your friend the copy of the government instructions and then persuade him to accept the lower amount as prescribed in the rules
(d) Advise him to directly apply to the allotting authority and inform him that you do not interfere in this matter

Ans. (d,c)
Exp. Here, we have two objectives, to follow the Government orders and to not spoil the friendship. Option (d) allows us to achieve both since we are not directly refusing to help.Option (c) is also correct. However, it involves us into the situation by trying to persuade the friend directly. Option (a) is clearly wrong as it doesn’t follow the government orders. Option (b) is also less acceptable as it does not achieve the objective mentioned in the problem, that is not to lose the friendship since it risks annoying him.
41You are incharge of implementing the Family Planning Programme in an area, where there is a strong opposition to the present policy. You want to convince the residents of the need for keeping small families. What would be the best way of communicating this message?
(a) By logically explaining to the residents the need for family planning to improve health and living standards
(b) By encouraging late marriages and proper spacing of children
(c) By offering incentives for adopting family planning devices
(d) By asking people, who have been sterilized or are using contraceptives to directly talk to the residents.

Ans. (a,d)
Exp. Here, we have convince the villagers to accept the programme while keeping in mind the local sensibilities. Option (a) is the right choice as villagers are more likely to be convinced, if they are presented with logic and reasons directly and clearly. Option (d) is also correct. People, who have already had experience of the family planning programme will be able to address the misgivings and concerns as well as explain the benefits and changes the programme has brought into their lives to villagers directly. Option (b) might not work. By directly asking the people to change certain things which are personal and might be part of their culture might not go down well with the villagers Option (c) also might not work Incentives can only work to a certain extent and people might still consider it as an interference in their personal lives.
42You are a teacher in a University and are setting a question paper on a particular subject. One of your colleagues, whose son is preparing for the examination on that subject, comes to you and informs you that it is his son’s last chance to pass that examination and whether you could help him by indicating what questions are going to be in the examination. In the past, your colleague had helped you in another matter. Your colleagueinforms you that his son will suffer from depression if he fails in this examination. In such circumstances, what would you do?
(a) In view of the help he had given you, extend your help to him
(b) Regret that you cannot be of any help to him
(c) Explain to your colleague that this would be violating the trust of the University authorities and you are not in a position to help him
(d) Report the conduct of your colleague to the higher authorities

Ans. (c,d)
Exp. Here, the basic objective is to prevent cheating and the next is to convince the colleague about your inability to satisfy his request. Option (c) is correct. Here, we try to explain to the colleague our constrains while not allowing cheating. Option (b) is also correct. Sometimes, to prevent cheating being rather blunt is acceptable. Option (d) might not be such a good idea. The colleague is worried about his child and reporting might not achieve any worthwhile purpose. Option (a) is clearly wrong. It goes against all ethics, morals and rules.
43“Price is not the same thing as value. Suppose that on a day, the price of everything viz, coal, bread, postage stamps, a day’s labour, the rent of houses, etc., were to double. Prices then would certainly rise, but values of all things except one would not.” The writer wants to say that if prices of all things were doubled
(a) the values of all things would remain constant
(b) the values of the things sold would be doubled
(c) the values of the things bought would be halved
(d) the value of money only would be halved

Ans. (d)
Exp. The question mentions clearly that price and value of a good are two different things. Thus, this implies that while the price of a good like – coal, bread, postage stamp, a day’s labour, rent of house, etc., might vary, the value of these goods does not change. Therefore, when the price of these goods has doubled, the consequent value of these goods does not change, but it is the value of the money that has reduced by half, because the amount of money needed to buy the same value of goods has in fact doubled.
44The number of deaths among the army personnel is 8 in 1000, but among the civilian population it is 20 per 1000. Which one of the following inferences can be drawn from this statement?
(a) It is better to join the army
(b) The relationship is fortuitous
(c) Quality of Life Index is very high within the armed forces
(d) The groups cannot be compared due to their heterogeneity

Ans. (d)
Exp. In this question, a civilian and an army personnel cannot be compared due to their heterogeneity
45Given the statement: “Buses are the cause of more accidents than cars, and trucks cause fewer accidents than buses”, which of the following conclusions can we draw?
(a) There are more buses on the road than trucks.
(b) Car drivers are more careful than bus drivers
(c) Truck drivers are more skilled than either car or bus drivers
(d) None of the above

Ans. (d)
Exp. None of the conclusions can be drawn from the given information as it is a statement.
46“If political leadership fails to emerge, there is likelihood of military taking over power in developing countries. Radical student groups or labour may try to raise revolution but they are not likely to compete with the military. Military intervention, rule and withdrawal from politics is closely related to a society’s level of political development.”In the context of political development, theassumption in the above passage is that
(a) political leadership is not an effective instrument
(b) military fills in political vaccum
(c) military intervention is inevitable for development
(d) None of the above

Ans. (d)
Exp. None of the assumption is appropriate.
47“Rights are certain advantageous conditions of social well-being indispensable to the true development of the citizen.” In the light of this statement, which one of the following is the correct understanding of rights?
(a) Rights aim at individual good only.
(b) Rights aim at social good only.
(c) Rights aim at both individual and social good.
(d) Rights aim at individual good devoid of social well-being.

Ans. (d)
Exp. Right focus on a freedom, protection, status, or benefit for the right holders. The duties associated with human rights often require actions involving respect protection.facilitation and provision for social good
48Scenario: A government is considering implementing a new policy that restricts certain individual freedoms for the sake of national security. What perspective on rights aligns with the government’s decision?
(a) Rights aim at individual good only.
(b) Rights aim at social good only.
(c) Rights aim at both individual and social good.
(d) Rights aim at individual good devoid of social well-being.

Solution: (b) Rights aim at social good only.
49Scenario: A community is debating whether to allocate resources to build a new public park or invest in improving local healthcare facilities. Which perspective on rights supports the decision to prioritize one over the other?
(a) Rights aim at individual good only.
(b) Rights aim at social good only.
(c) Rights aim at both individual and social good.
(d) Rights aim at individual good devoid of social well-being.

Solution: (c) Rights aim at both individual and social good.
50Scenario: In response to a public health crisis, the government is considering implementing mandatory vaccination to protect the population. What perspective on rights justifies this decision?
(a) Rights aim at individual good only.
(b) Rights aim at social good only.
(c) Rights aim at both individual and social good.
(d) Rights aim at individual good devoid of social well-being.

Solution: (c) Rights aim at both individual and social good.
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FAQs: Decision making and problem solving

What is decision-making in problem-solving?

Decision-making is the process of making choices at every stage of the process for solving problems. It involves selecting a plan of action between two or more paths of action to take in order to solve a challenge.

What are the five steps for decision-making and problem-solving?

The five steps for decision making and problem solving are
1. Identify the problem or decision to be made.
2. Gather relevant information and analyze it.
3. Generate possible solutions or options.
4. Evaluate each solution or option based on its pros and cons.
5. Select the best solution or option and implement it.

Why problem-solving and decision-making skills are important?

Problem-solving and decision-making skills are important because they help individuals and businesses overcome challenges, make informed choices, and achieve desired outcomes. They contribute to effective problem-solving, critical thinking, and efficient resource allocation, ultimately leading to improved productivity and success.

What is decision-making and problem-solving as a leader?

Decision-making and problem-solving as a leader involve making choices and finding solutions to challenges or issues faced by a team or organization.

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