Best essay on Poverty in India for competitive exams and government exams.
Table of Contents
Clear Your Concepts
Poverty in India
‘World has enough for everyone’s need but not enough for everyone’s greed.’
Mahatma Gandhi rightly says that human greed is the reason for poverty in the world.
Poverty is the absence of basic resources such as food, clothes, and a home. However, poverty does not have any fixed definition. In America, the one who does not have a car is seen as poor. But in India, having a car is a luxury. Hence, the definition of poverty changes from place to place, situation to situation, and culture to culture.
There are various kinds of poverty in India. These are social, economic, cultural, and political poverty. Social poverty lacks respect, security, education, and health. Economic poverty is an absence of income and wealth. Cultural poverty is the presence of the mentality of the poor.
Traditionally, Due to foreign invasions and internal disputer, people accepted poverty as their religion. British exploitation for revenue left many farmers landless and poor. Even in modern Inda, often the completion of 75 years of Independence, Indian cities and villages are going through extreme poverty of various kinds.
First, the major reasons for poverty in India are poor elementary and higher education. Second, social discrimination is prevalent in remote areas of India. Third, poor infrastructure, such as roads, schools, hospitals, flyovers, electricity, water connection, river bridges, and transportation.
Fourth, Malnutrition in India, as per the NFHS report, more than 50% of women are Anaemic, 33% of children are stunted, and 20% are wasted. Poor health during the growing period inhibits a child’s mental and physical growth. It deteriorates their ability to be employable. They are vulnerable to diseases.
Fifth, some diseases bring families below the poverty line due to expensive treatment. Sixth, unequal distribution of wealth. Only 10% of Indian people have 90% of their wealth. This shows huge inequality. Our GDP will surely reach the 5 trillion mark, but its benefits are not visible to the remaining population.
The government has taken various steps to reduce poverty in India. These are startup India (to increase employment), PMGKAY (PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yozna for free distribution of ration to poor), Aawas Yozna, Ujwala yojana, and many more.
True poverty reduction is possible when every child has access to good schools, good hospitals, excellent roads, wales, gas, and enough food and drinking water. Further, for sustainable growth, actions against climate change are important.
India can learn its lesson from China. In the last three decades, China has brought 800 million people out of poverty. It became possible by providing excellent education, health, infrastructure, and employment. It liberated women and encouraged them to work for the nation by participating in economic activities. Now it is India’s turn to repeat the same.
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