Folk dances of India | Indian Folk dances | Folk dances of Rajasthan | Folk dances of Karnataka | Folk dances of Punjab | Folk dances of Punjab | Folk dances of India state wise | states folk dances
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Art and Culture is one of the most important topics in most competitive exams like UPSC CSE, State PCS, APFC, EPFO, ALC, FSSAI, SSC, CDS, CISF, CAPF and Others. “Folk Dances of India” is a part of Art and Culture and surely, one question comes from this topic. with this post, I am providing all the students, important Folk Dances of different States of India.
Folk Dances of India
India is renowned for its vibrant folk dances, which reflect the rich diversity and cultural heritage of the country. These traditional folk dances of India hold immense cultural importance as they preserve and celebrate regional customs and beliefs. Each state in India has its distinct folk dance forms, such as Bhangra from Punjab, Garba from Gujarat, and Kathakali from Kerala. These dances are passed down through generations, serving as a means of storytelling and connecting communities. They showcase the traditional costumes, music, and rhythmic movements that embody the essence of Indian culture. Folk dances of India not only entertain but also promote unity, social cohesion, and a sense of identity among the people of India.
What is Folk Dance?
Folk dance is a traditional form of dance that emerges from the cultural and social practices of a specific community or region. It is often passed down through generations orally or by observation and carries the essence of the community’s history, beliefs, and traditions. Folk dances of India are typically performed during festive occasions, celebrations, and rituals, serving as a means of expression, entertainment, and social cohesion.
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Important Folk Dances of India
India is home to a diverse array of folk dances, each originating from different regions and communities. Some prominent Folk dances of India include:
- Bhangra (Punjab): Bhangra is a high-energy dance form performed during festivals and celebrations. It involves vigorous movements, foot-tapping beats, and vibrant costumes, reflecting the agricultural roots of Punjab.
- Garba (Gujarat): Garba is a joyful dance performed in circular formations during Navratri, a festival dedicated to the goddess Durga. Participants dance to rhythmic beats, clapping their hands and twirling gracefully.
- Kathakali (Kerala): Kathakali is a classical dance-drama form from Kerala. It combines elaborate makeup, colorful costumes, facial expressions, and dramatic storytelling to portray mythological tales and epics.
- Bihu (Assam): Bihu is a popular folk dance from Assam performed during the harvest festival. It involves lively movements, swaying hips, and traditional musical instruments like the dhol and pepa.
- Ghoomar (Rajasthan): Ghoomar is a graceful dance form performed by women in Rajasthan. It includes swirling movements, twirling in colorful ghagras (long skirts), and traditional Rajasthani folk music.
- Dandiya Raas (Gujarat): Dandiya Raas is a lively and energetic folk dance performed during Navratri in Gujarat. Participants dance in pairs, wielding colorful sticks called dandiyas, striking them together in rhythm to the music.
- Lavani (Maharashtra): Lavani is a vibrant dance form originating from Maharashtra. It combines rhythmic footwork, expressive gestures, and fast-paced music. Lavani often depicts themes of love, society, and empowerment.
- Kalbelia (Rajasthan): Kalbelia is a captivating dance performed by the Kalbelia tribe of Rajasthan. It is known for its graceful movements and the dancers’ ability to mimic the movements of snakes. The dance is accompanied by soulful folk music.
- Chhau (Odisha, West Bengal, Jharkhand): Chhau is a martial arts-inspired folk dance form found in Odisha, West Bengal, and Jharkhand. It combines acrobatics, mask work, and intricate footwork to depict mythological stories and historical events.
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28 states and their Folk dances of India
|State||Folk dances of India|
|Jharkhand||Chhau, Sarahul, Jat-Jatin, Karma, Danga, Bidesia, Sohrai, Paika, Bheja|
|Uttarakhand||Gadhwali, Kumayuni, Chachari, Kajari, Jhora, Raslila, Chappeli, Bhotia|
|Chhattisgarh||Gaudi, Karma, Pandwani, Jhumar, Pali, Tapali, Navrani, Diwari, Mundari|
|Andhra Pradesh||Kuchipudi (Classical), Ghantamardala, Ottam Thedal, Mohiniattam, Kummi, Siddhi, Madhuri, Chhadi|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Mask dance (Mukhauta Nritya), War dance|
|Himachal Pradesh||Jhora, Jhali, Chharhi, Dhaman, Chhapeli, Mahasu, Nati, Dangi, Chamba, Thali, Jhainta, Daf, Stick dance|
|Goa||Mandi, Jhagor, Khol, Dakni|
|Assam||Bihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal, Tabal Chongli, Canoe, Jhumura Hobjanai Ojapali|
|West Bengal||Kathi, Gambhira, Dhali, Jatra, Baul, Baul, Marasia, Mahal, Keertan|
|Kerala||Kathakali (Classical), Ottam Thulal, Mohiniattam, Kaikottikali, Tappatikali, Kali Auttam|
|Manipur||Manipuri (Classical), Rakhal, Nat Rash, Maha Rash, Raukhat|
|Nagaland||Chong, Khaiva, Lim, Nuralim|
|Orissa||Odissi (Classical), Savari, Ghumara, Painka, Munari, Chhau, Chadya Dandanata|
|Maharashtra||Lavani, Nakata, Koli, Lezim, Gafa, Dahikala Dasavtar or Bohada, Tamasha, Mauni, Powara, Gouricha, Lalita|
|Karnataka||Yakshagan, Huttari, Veeragase, Suggi, Kunitha, Karga, Lambi|
|Gujarat||Garba, Dandiya Ras, Lasya, Panihari, Tippani, Juriun, Bhavai.|
|Punjab||Bhangra, Giddha, Daff, Dhaman|
|Rajasthan||Ghumar, Chakri, Ganagor, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, Ghapal, Panihari, Ginad|
|Mizoram||Khanatm, Pakhupila, Cherokan|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud, Dandi nach, Damali|
|Tamil Nadu||Bharatnatyam, Kumi, Kolattam, Kavadi|
|Uttar Pradesh||Nautanki, Raslila, Jadda, Kajri, Jhora, Chappeli, Jaita|
|Bihar||Jata-Jatin, Jhijhiya, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya, Sama-Chakwa, Bidesia, Karik Jhummer, Jatra|
|Haryana||Jhumar, Phag dance, Daph, Dhamal, Loor, Gugga, Khor, Gagor|
Folk Dances of India State wise
Unlike classical or contemporary dance forms, folk dances are rooted in the cultural fabric of a particular group of people and reflect their way of life, customs, and values. These dances incorporate elements such as specific steps, gestures, costumes, music, and instruments that are unique to the region or community they originate from. Here, we are providing folk dances of India with states
Folk dances of Rajasthan
Rajasthan, the land of vibrant colors and royal traditions, is known for its captivating folk dances that reflect the cultural tapestry of the region. Some of the prominent folk dances of Rajasthan under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Ghoomar: Ghoomar is a graceful and elegant dance performed by women in swirling ghagras (long skirts). It involves circular movements, rhythmic clapping, and synchronized twirls, showcasing the rich Rajasthani culture.
- Kalbelia: Kalbelia is a captivating dance performed by the Kalbelia tribe. It imitates the fluid movements of snakes and is accompanied by soulful folk music. The dancers’ rhythmic gestures and swaying motions create a mesmerizing visual spectacle.
- Bhavai: Bhavai is a traditional folk dance that showcases the art of balancing. Performers dance on the edge of a narrow pot or a brass plate while balancing several other pots on their heads. It requires immense skill, precision, and control.
- Chari: Chari is a dance form that originated from the desert regions of Rajasthan. It involves balancing pots (chari) filled with ignited cotton seeds on the dancer’s head or hands. The dancers move gracefully, creating a mesmerizing sight.
- Kachhi Ghodi: Kachhi Ghodi is a folk dance that brings to life the tales of Rajput warriors. Performers ride on dummy horses, donning colorful costumes, and perform mock fights. The dance is accompanied by traditional music and vigorous movements.
- Ghair: Ghair is a lively and energetic folk dance performed by men during festivals and celebrations. It involves intricate footwork, spinning movements, and synchronized patterns. The dancers often wield sticks or swords, adding a dynamic element to the performance.
These folk dances of Rajasthan embody the spirit, traditions, and cultural heritage of the region. They serve as a means of expression, storytelling, and celebration, creating a vibrant tapestry of Rajasthani art and culture. The captivating performances, colorful costumes, and rhythmic music make Rajasthan’s folk dances a captivating spectacle that continues to enthral audiences worldwide.
Folk dances of Karnataka
Karnataka, a state in southern India, boasts a rich cultural heritage, including a variety of captivating folk dances. Some prominent folk dances of Karnataka under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Yakshagana: Yakshagana is a traditional dance-drama form that combines dance, music, and dialogue. It often depicts mythological stories and is characterized by vibrant costumes, elaborate makeup, and intricate footwork.
- Dollu Kunitha: Dollu Kunitha is a vigorous and rhythmic dance performed by men. It involves dancers holding small drums called “dolls” and playing them while executing energetic movements and acrobatics.
- Kolata: Kolata is a group dance form in Karnataka, also known as “Rope Dance.” It involves dancers forming two lines and holding a long rope. They perform synchronized movements, footwork, and patterns, accompanied by rhythmic music.
- Lambani Dance: Lambani Dance is associated with the Lambani community in Karnataka. It is a vibrant and colorful dance form characterized by fast-paced footwork, graceful movements, and the use of traditional Lambani attire and jewelry.
- Karaga Dance: Karaga Dance is a unique folk dance performed during the Karaga festival dedicated to the goddess Draupadi. A male dancer dresses up as a female and carries a decorated Karaga (a pyramid-shaped structure) on his head, displaying incredible balance and skill.
- Somana Kunita: Somana Kunita is a folk dance form performed in honor of the local deity, Someshwara. It involves dancers wearing elaborate costumes and masks, depicting characters from mythology. The dance is accompanied by lively music and rhythmic steps.
These folk dances of Karnataka showcase the cultural vibrancy and artistic traditions of the state. They play a significant role in preserving the local heritage, promoting social cohesion, and providing a platform for artistic expression and community celebration.
Folk dances of Punjab
Punjab, known for its vibrant culture, has several folk dances that reflect the spirit and traditions of the region. These dances are an integral part of Punjabi festivals, weddings, and celebrations.
One of the most popular folk dances of Punjab is Bhangra. It is characterized by energetic movements, dynamic footwork, and rhythmic clapping. Bhangra is often performed by men, who showcase their strength and vitality through synchronized steps and leaps. The dancers wear colorful turbans, vibrant kurta-pajamas, and traditional Punjabi juttis (shoes).
Giddha is another prominent folk dance of Punjab, performed mainly by women. It is a graceful and lively dance form that involves singing, clapping, and twirling. The dancers form a circle, displaying their skillful footwork and synchronized movements. Giddha is accompanied by traditional Punjabi folk songs known as “boliyan,” which narrate tales of love, valor, and everyday life.
Sammi is a folk dance performed by women in the Malwa region of Punjab. It is characterized by its graceful and elegant movements, expressing femininity and joy. The dancers wear traditional attire, including brightly colored salwar-kameez, chunnis (scarves), and heavy silver jewelry.
Jhumar is a folk dance originating from the Sandalbar area of Punjab. It is performed by both men and women, and the dancers form a circle, holding hands and swaying to the rhythmic beats. Jhumar is accompanied by traditional instruments like the dhol, flute, and harmonium.
These Punjabi folk dances (under this article on folk dances of India) not only showcase the rich cultural heritage of the region but also bring people together, promoting a sense of community and celebration. They serve as a means of expression, allowing the people of Punjab to connect with their roots, preserve traditions, and pass them on to future generations.
Folk dances of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir, located in the northernmost part of India, has a rich cultural heritage that encompasses various folk dances. Here are some notable folk dances of Jammu and Kashmir under this article of folk dances of India:
- Rouff: Rouff is a traditional folk dance performed exclusively by women. It is usually performed during weddings and other festive occasions. The dancers form a circle and move in synchronized steps while singing traditional songs. Rouff showcases the grace and beauty of Kashmiri women, and their colorful traditional attire adds to the visual appeal of the dance.
- Hafiza: Hafiza is a popular folk dance of the Kashmiri Pandit community. It is performed by a group of girls who balance a pot filled with rice on their heads. The dancers move in synchronized steps and gestures while showcasing their skills in maintaining the balance of the pot. Hafiza is performed during religious festivals and celebrations.
- Bacha Nagma: Bacha Nagma is a folk dance form from the Kashmir Valley. It involves young boys and girls performing intricate and graceful movements to traditional Kashmiri music. The dance showcases the harmony and coordination between the dancers, and their colorful costumes and accessories add to the vibrancy of the performance.
- Dumhal: Dumhal is a unique folk dance of the Kashmiri tribe called the Wattal. The dancers wear traditional attire, including long robes, colorful headgears, and ornamented wooden masks. They move in a procession while holding a banner and a sacred copper pot. Dumhal is performed during religious festivals and is accompanied by traditional music and singing.
- Bhand Pather: Bhand Pather is a traditional folk theater form of Jammu and Kashmir. It combines elements of dance, music, and drama to depict social and cultural themes. The performers, known as Bhand artists, present satirical and humorous acts accompanied by traditional music and witty dialogues. Bhand Pather is a popular form of entertainment in the region and has historical and cultural significance.
These folk dances of Jammu and Kashmir reflect the cultural diversity and artistic expressions of the region. They are not only a means of entertainment but also a way to preserve and celebrate the cultural heritage of the state.
Folk dances of Meghalaya
Meghalaya, a state in northeastern India, is known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse tribal communities. The region is home to several traditional folk dances that are unique to Meghalaya. Here are some notable folk dances of Meghalaya under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Nongkrem Dance: Nongkrem Dance is a popular folk dance performed by the Khasi tribe during the Nongkrem Festival. It is a thanksgiving dance dedicated to the goddess Ka Blei Synshar and is performed by young girls adorned in traditional attire. The dancers move in rhythmic steps, accompanied by the beats of drums and the tunes of traditional instruments.
- Wangala Dance: Wangala Dance, also known as the Hundred Drum Dance, is performed by the Garo tribe during the Wangala Festival. It is a harvest dance that celebrates a bountiful harvest and honors the Sun God. The dance involves a hundred drummers playing traditional drums called “kram,” while the dancers perform synchronized steps, expressing joy and prosperity.
- Doregata Dance: Doregata Dance is a lively folk dance performed by the Hajong community of Meghalaya. It is typically performed during festivals and celebrations. The dancers, both men and women, move in circular formations, showcasing their agility and grace. The dance is accompanied by traditional Hajong music and instruments like the bamboo flute and drums.
- Shad Suk Mynsiem: Shad Suk Mynsiem is a popular dance form of the Khasi tribe. It is performed during the Shad Suk Mynsiem Festival, which celebrates the onset of spring and harvest. The dancers, dressed in vibrant traditional attire, perform intricate steps and gestures, accompanied by the beats of drums and cymbals. The dance symbolizes joy, unity, and thanksgiving.
- Laho Dance: Laho Dance is a folk dance performed by the Pnar tribe of Meghalaya. It is a group dance that involves both men and women. The dancers form a circle, holding hands and moving in a synchronized manner. Laho Dance is usually performed during weddings, festivals, and other festive occasions, reflecting the cultural ethos of the Pnar community.
These folk dances of Meghalaya not only showcase the artistic talent of the tribal communities but also preserve their unique cultural traditions and customs. They are a vibrant expression of joy, celebration, and a way for the communities to connect with their roots and maintain their cultural identity.
Folk dances of Mizoram
Mizoram, located in northeastern India, is known for its rich cultural heritage and vibrant tribal communities. The state has several traditional folk dances that are integral to the cultural fabric of Mizoram. Here are some notable folk dances of Mizoram under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Cheraw: Cheraw is the most famous folk dance of Mizoram and is often referred to as the “Bamboo Dance.” It is performed by a group of men and women holding pairs of bamboo staves. The dancers skillfully strike and weave the bamboo poles together while stepping in and out of the moving patterns. Cheraw is accompanied by traditional music and drums, creating a captivating and rhythmic spectacle.
- Khuallam: Khuallam is a joyous folk dance performed by the Mizo community during festivals and celebrations. It involves a large group of men and women forming a circle and moving in synchronized steps. The dancers sing traditional songs, expressing happiness and unity. The vibrant traditional attire of the participants adds to the visual appeal of Khuallam.
- Chheihlam: Chheihlam is a traditional dance of the Lusei tribe of Mizoram. It is performed during various occasions, including weddings, festivals, and social gatherings. The dancers form rows and move in coordinated steps while singing traditional songs. Chheihlam showcases the cultural traditions and unity of the Lusei community.
- Sarlamkai: Sarlamkai is a graceful folk dance performed by the Pawi tribe of Mizoram. It is typically performed during the Chapchar Kut festival, which celebrates the arrival of spring. The dancers, dressed in traditional attire, perform elegant movements with their hands and feet, accompanied by melodious music. Sarlamkai reflects the Pawi tribe’s cultural values and storytelling traditions.
- Chawnglaizawn: Chawnglaizawn is a vibrant folk dance performed by the Mara community of Mizoram. It is usually performed during harvest festivals and other celebrations. The dancers move energetically in a circular formation, showcasing their agility and enthusiasm. Chawnglaizawn is accompanied by traditional instruments like drums and gongs, creating a lively and festive atmosphere.
These folk dances of Mizoram not only entertain but also serve as a means of preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of the state. They reflect the vibrant traditions, unity, and joy of the various tribal communities in Mizoram, and play a significant role in strengthening their cultural identity.
Folk dances of UP (Uttar Pradesh)
Uttar Pradesh, the largest state in India, has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its diverse folk dances that vary across regions and communities. Here are some notable folk dances of Uttar Pradesh under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Charkula Dance: Charkula Dance is a traditional folk dance form from the Braj region of Uttar Pradesh, particularly associated with the Mathura and Vrindavan districts. It is performed during festivals like Krishna Janmashtami and Radha Ashtami. The female dancers balance a decorated circular wooden structure called “charkula” on their heads and perform intricate footwork and graceful movements, depicting the love and devotion for Lord Krishna.
- Ramlila: Ramlila is a popular folk dance-drama performed during the festival of Navratri in various parts of Uttar Pradesh, particularly in Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Rama. It reenacts episodes from the Hindu epic Ramayana, with performers portraying characters like Rama, Sita, Hanuman, and Ravana. Ramlila involves music, singing, dialogues, and dramatic storytelling, engaging the audience in the religious and mythological narrative.
- Kathak: While Kathak is widely recognized as a classical dance form, it also has its folk roots in Uttar Pradesh. The Lucknow Gharana of Kathak, in particular, showcases elements of folk traditions and storytelling in its repertoire. Kathak combines expressive footwork, graceful movements, intricate hand gestures, and emotive storytelling, often accompanied by classical music and rhythmic percussion instruments.
- Jhora: Jhora is a lively folk dance of the Kumaoni region in Uttar Pradesh, primarily performed during festivals and social celebrations. It involves groups of dancers moving in a circular formation, holding hands or linked by handkerchiefs. The dancers whirl in rhythmic patterns, accompanied by traditional Kumaoni folk music, creating an energetic and joyful atmosphere.
- Nautanki: Nautanki is a popular form of folk theater in Uttar Pradesh, known for its lively music, vibrant costumes, and dramatic performances. It combines elements of dance, music, comedy, and storytelling. Nautanki often narrates tales from Indian mythology, historical events, or social issues. It features colorful sets, melodious singing, energetic dance sequences, and humorous dialogues, captivating the audience with its entertainment value.
These folk dances of Uttar Pradesh reflect the cultural diversity, religious fervor, and artistic expressions of the region. They contribute to the preservation of traditional art forms, storytelling traditions, and community celebrations, representing the vibrant cultural tapestry of Uttar Pradesh.
Folk dances of Gujarat
Gujarat, a state in western India, has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its vibrant folk dances that are an integral part of the region’s festivities and celebrations. Here are some notable folk dances of Gujarat under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Garba: Garba is the most famous folk dance of Gujarat and is performed during Navratri, a nine-night festival dedicated to the goddess Durga. Participants form circles and dance in a rhythmic pattern, clapping their hands and moving gracefully to the music. Garba is characterized by vibrant costumes, intricate footwork, and energetic movements, creating a joyful and festive atmosphere.
- Dandiya Raas: Dandiya Raas is a dynamic folk dance performed during Navratri alongside Garba. It involves dancers wielding colorful sticks called dandiyas. Participants form pairs and strike their dandiyas together in synchronized patterns, moving in circles or crossing paths with other pairs. The dance is accompanied by lively music and rhythmic beats.
- Bhavai: Bhavai is a traditional folk dance-drama form from Gujarat. It involves balancing multiple pots on the head while executing complex movements and acrobatics. Bhavai artists perform daring acts like balancing on a tightrope, walking on glass, or dancing on broken pieces of earthen pots. The dance is accompanied by folk music and narrates stories from Hindu mythology or folklore.
- Tippani Dance: Tippani Dance is a folk dance of Gujarat performed mainly by the Siddi community, who are of African descent. It combines rhythmic footwork, clapping, and vibrant music. The dancers showcase their agility and skill by performing intricate steps and patterns, creating a lively and energetic performance.
- Hudo: Hudo is a folk dance originating from the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. It is a martial art-inspired dance performed by men. Hudo involves vigorous movements, including jumping, kicking, and twirling, accompanied by the beats of traditional instruments like dhol and nagara. The dance represents valor, strength, and traditional martial art forms.
These folk dances of Gujarat reflect the vibrant culture, traditional values, and festive spirit of the state. They bring communities together, promote a sense of unity, and showcase the rich cultural heritage of Gujarat. The energetic movements, rhythmic music, and colorful costumes make these dances a visual and auditory treat for both participants and spectators.
Folk dances of Assam
Assam, a state in northeastern India, is known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse tribal communities. The region has a variety of traditional folk dances that showcase the vibrancy and uniqueness of Assamese culture. Here are some notable folk dances of Assam under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Bihu Dance: Bihu is the most popular folk dance of Assam, performed during the Bihu festival, which marks the changing seasons and the agricultural cycle. Bihu dance is characterized by energetic movements, vigorous footwork, and the use of traditional musical instruments like the dhol (drum) and pepa (buffalo hornpipe). Colorful costumes and rhythmic music add to the liveliness of the dance.
- Bagurumba: Bagurumba is a graceful folk dance performed by the Bodo tribe of Assam. It is usually performed during Bwisagu, the Bodo New Year festival. The dancers, both men and women, form a circle and move in synchronized steps, accompanied by traditional Bodo music. Bagurumba reflects the ethnic identity and cultural values of the Bodo community.
- Jhumur Dance: Jhumur is a folk dance form from Assam that originated among tea garden workers. It is performed to celebrate special occasions and festivals. Jhumur dance incorporates graceful movements, intricate footwork, and expressive hand gestures. The dancers often wear traditional costumes and adorn themselves with jewellery.
- Bhortal Dance: Bhortal is a rhythmic folk dance of Assam, primarily performed by men during religious ceremonies and social gatherings. It involves rhythmic hand clapping and footwork accompanied by the beats of the bhortal, a traditional Assamese percussion instrument. Bhortal dance showcases the skill and coordination of the performers.
- Ojapali: Ojapali is a unique folk dance-drama form of Assam, particularly associated with the Satras (Vaishnavite monasteries) of the state. It combines dance, music, and theatrical elements to portray religious and mythological stories from Hindu epics. Ojapali involves vibrant costumes, lively music, and energetic movements, engaging the audience in the religious narrative.
These folk dances of Assam reflect the cultural diversity, religious traditions, and the rural way of life in the state. They are not only a means of entertainment but also a way to preserve and promote the rich cultural heritage of Assam. The folk dances bring communities together, celebrate the harvest, express joy, and evoke a sense of pride in Assamese identity.
Folk dances of West Bengal (Bengali folk dance)
West Bengal, a state in eastern India, has a rich cultural heritage with a variety of folk dances that showcase the diverse traditions and artistic expressions of the region. Here are some notable folk dances of West Bengal under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Baul Dance: Baul is a mystic folk dance form of West Bengal associated with the Baul community. Bauls are wandering minstrels who express their spiritual and philosophical ideas through music and dance. Baul dance involves simple footwork, swaying movements, and improvised singing accompanied by traditional musical instruments like the ektara and dotara.
- Tusu Dance: Tusu dance is a folk dance performed during the Tusu Parab festival, celebrated primarily by women in rural areas of West Bengal. It involves circular formations with rhythmic movements and hand gestures. Tusu dance is accompanied by traditional songs and celebrates fertility, agricultural prosperity, and the arrival of spring.
- Gambhira Dance: Gambhira is a lively folk dance form from the Malda district of West Bengal. It is characterized by fast-paced footwork, energetic movements, and humorous expressions. Gambhira dancers wear vibrant costumes and masks while performing, often depicting comical characters and narrating social themes or stories.
- Chhau Dance: Chhau is a traditional masked dance form that originated in the Purulia district of West Bengal. It combines elements of dance, martial arts, and acrobatics. Chhau dancers wear elaborate masks and perform intricate movements and gestures. The dance often depicts mythological tales, epics, and historical events.
- Santhali Dance: Santhali dance is performed by the Santhal tribal community of West Bengal. It is a lively dance form characterized by swift footwork, rhythmic jumps, and synchronized movements. Santhali dance is often accompanied by traditional musical instruments like the madal and flute. The dance reflects the cultural identity and traditions of the Santhal tribe.
These folk dances of West Bengal are deeply rooted in the cultural fabric of the state, representing various communities, rituals, and celebrations. They not only entertain but also preserve and promote the rich heritage of West Bengal, showcasing the artistic skills, storytelling traditions, and social customs of the region.
Folk dances of Tripura
Tripura, a state in northeastern India, is known for its vibrant cultural heritage and diverse tribal communities. The region has a variety of traditional folk dances that reflect the cultural traditions and customs of Tripura. Here are some notable folk dances of Tripura under this article of folk dances of India are:
- Hojagiri: Hojagiri is a graceful folk dance performed by the Reang community of Tripura. It is usually performed during festivals like Garia Puja and Kharchi Puja. Hojagiri involves balancing earthen pitchers on the head and gracefully moving and dancing on a bamboo or wooden plank. The dance showcases the agility, balance, and skill of the performers.
- Garia Dance: Garia Dance is a popular folk dance of Tripura performed during the Garia festival, which is celebrated to appease the deity Garia. The dance involves both men and women, forming circles and moving in rhythmic steps accompanied by traditional musical instruments. Garia dance expresses joy, unity, and devotion to the deity.
- Lebang Boomani: Lebang Boomani is a traditional dance of the Tripuri community, performed by women during the Garia festival. The dancers wear colorful traditional attire and perform rhythmic movements, clapping their hands and singing traditional songs. Lebang Boomani is a celebration of fertility, prosperity, and the harvest season.
- Bizhu Dance: Bizhu Dance is performed by the Chakma community of Tripura during the Bizhu festival, which marks the beginning of the New Year. It involves lively movements, footwork, and gestures to the beats of traditional musical instruments. Bizhu dance reflects the cultural heritage and festive spirit of the Chakma community.
- Hai-Hak Dance: Hai-Hak Dance is a folk dance performed by the Tripuri community. It involves energetic movements, vigorous footwork, and hand gestures. The dance is performed during various social and religious occasions, showcasing the vitality and enthusiasm of the Tripuri people.
These folk dances of Tripura depict the cultural traditions, religious beliefs, and celebrations of the diverse communities in the state. They play a significant role in preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of Tripura and serve as a means of community bonding, entertainment, and expression.
FAQ on folk dances of India
Q: Kuchipudi is the famous dance of which state?
A: Andhra Pradesh
Q: How many folk dances are in India?
A: There are more than 30 folk dances in India. some of the famous folk dances are Chhau, Mask dance, Chhapeli, Ghoomer, Bihu, Jatra.
Q: What does “Folk Dance” mean?
A: Folk Dance is a traditional dance of a state or a tribe that basically represents its culture.
Q: Name the Oldest Folk Dance of India?
A: Bharatanatyam, a classical dance (mother of all classical dance styles)
Q: What are folk dances?
A: Folk dances are traditional forms of dance that emerge from the cultural practices and social traditions of specific communities or regions. They are often passed down through generations and reflect the unique cultural heritage of a particular group of people.
Q: How many folk dances are there in India?
A: India is a diverse country with a multitude of folk dances. Each state and region has its own unique folk dance forms, resulting in a wide variety of dances. It is difficult to provide an exact count, but there are hundreds of different folk dances across India.