Understanding the Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005

Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005 – Introduction, important features of the bill, the eight subsumed laws, limitations of the bill, and other details.

The Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005

The Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005 was introduced in parliament for the first time in 2002. This Bill aims to integrate the food safety existing laws in the country in order to systematically and scientifically develop the food processing industry section in India and also wants to enhance a better surveillance system in terms of food safety.

Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005 – Introduction

The Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005 is a legislation that was introduced in India to establish a single regulatory authority for food safety and standards in the country. It aimed to consolidate and streamline various food-related laws and regulatory bodies under one framework.

The bill was passed by the Indian Parliament in 2006 and received presidential assent in 2006, after which it became the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. The act was enacted to ensure the safety and quality of food products, regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import. It also aimed to establish science-based standards for food articles and to regulate the use of additives, contaminants, and residues in food.

The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 led to the establishment of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), which is the central regulatory authority responsible for setting standards for food safety and regulating the food industry in India. FSSAI is tasked with implementing and enforcing the provisions of the act, conducting research and development, and promoting public awareness about food safety.

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Under the act, food businesses are required to comply with the prescribed standards and regulations, obtain licenses, and adhere to the hygiene and safety practices specified by FSSAI. The act also provides for penalties and punishment in case of non-compliance or violation of food safety regulations.

The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, and the subsequent establishment of FSSAI have played a crucial role in enhancing food safety and quality standards in India. It has brought about significant changes in the food industry and has increased consumer confidence in the safety and quality of food products available in the market.

Important Features of the Bill

  • The Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005 consolidates eight laws governing the food sector.
  • Establishment of the Food Safety and Standards Authority (FSSA) to regulate the Sector.
  • Appointment of several scientific panels and a central advisory committee to lay down standards for food safety. These standards will include specifications for ingredients, contaminants, pesticide residue, biological hazards and labels.
  • Everyone in the food sector is required to get a licence or a registration which would be issued by local authorities.

Eight Subsumed Laws under FSS Bill 2005

  1. Prevention of food adulteration act 1954
  2. Fruit products order 1955
  3. Meat Food products order 1973
  4. Vegetable Oil products (control) order 1947
  5. Edible oils products (control) order 1988
  6. Solvent extracted oil, De-oiled meal and Edible Flour (control) order 1967
  7. Milk and Milk products order 1992
  8. Any Other order under Essential Commodities Act, 1955 relating to food

Limitations of the Bill

There were a few limitations in Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005. These are as follow:

  1. No Food Law for Unorganised Sector
  2. No specification for the portable water
  3. Does not control the entry of Pesticide and Antibiotics in the food
  4. Licensing Power given to Local level Officer

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FAQs – Food Safety and standards bill 2005

What is the objective of the Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005?

The objective of the Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005 was to establish a single regulatory authority for food safety and standards in India, consolidate food-related laws, and ensure the safety and quality of food products.

What is the current status of the Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005?

The Food Safety and Standards Bill 2005 was passed by the Indian Parliament and received presidential assent in 2006. It became the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, which is currently in effect.

What is the role of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)?

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) was established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. FSSAI is responsible for setting standards for food safety, regulating the food industry, enforcing food safety regulations, and promoting public awareness about food safety in India.

What are the key provisions of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006?

The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 covers various provisions, including the regulation of food manufacturing, storage, distribution, sale, and import. It establishes science-based standards for food articles, regulates the use of additives, contaminants, and residues in food, and provides for licensing and registration of food businesses.

How does the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 impact food businesses?

Food businesses in India are required to comply with the standards and regulations specified by FSSAI. They need to obtain licenses or register with FSSAI, adhere to hygiene and safety practices, and ensure compliance with food safety regulations. Non-compliance or violation of these regulations may result in penalties and punishment.

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