List of Indian Freedom Fighters

Freedom fighters are the true heroes of India. Freedom was not always possible. This liberation can be traced back to the bravery of freedom fighters who gave their lives for India, their motherland, and their safety. There is a chaotic and violent history behind the celebration of India’s Independence Day on the 15th of August 1947. It includes battles, uprisings and movements led and led by thousands of patriotic Indian independence fighters who fought alongside British forces for India’s independence. Every one of India’s freedom fighters gave their lives to free India from British control. A large group of activists and revolutionaries from different ethnicities joined forces to end foreign imperialist rule and Colonialism in India.

List of Freedom Fighters of India

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Important Freedom Fighters of India

1. Mahatama Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a hero for India. He earned the title of “Father to Nation”. He was born on October 2, 1869. He was not only an inspiration to many other freedom movements and human rights movements around the world, but also played a significant role in India’s victory. Bapu is a common name for Gandhi. He was widely known in India for his belief in nonviolence. He believed that nonviolent resistance and refusing to cooperate were sufficient to bring about independence.

2. Subhas Chandra Bose

He was among the most successful Indian nationalists. Subhash Chandra Bose. He was born January 23, 1897 in Cuttack. His nickname was Netaji. He was a passionate nationalist, and his unwavering patriotism made him a hero. Bose was part of the radical Indian independence movement. He was the leader and founder of a young radical branch of Congress from the 1920s to the 1930s. It is believed that he was killed in an airplane accident on August 18, 1945.

3. Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was conceived in Banga, Pakistan on September 28, 1907. He was one of the most militant Indian liberation fighters. He was respected but divisive in the struggle for freedom for India. He was implicated in the plot to assassinate James Scott in 1928, as revenge for Lala Lajpat Rai’s death. The British executed the brave Indian freedom fighter by hanging him from Lahore Central Jail, Lahore (Pakistan) on March 23, 1931. At the time, he was just 23 years old. Shaheed Bhagat Singh is his well-known name.

4. Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey was a well-known Indian freedom fighter. He was born July 19th 1827. This is often regarded as the precursor of India’s first war to independence, the 1857 rebellion against the British. He was a soldier in 34th Bengal Native Infantry regiment, East India Company’s army. He led the Sepoy rebellion which eventually resulted in 1857 uprising. British officers killed him at Barrackpore on April 8, 1857, ten days before he was due to lead the Sepoy rebellion.

5. Rani Laxmi Bai

Varanasi was home to the Queen of Jhansi Rani Laxmibai on November 19, 1828. Manu is her stage name. Manikarnika Tambe is her real name. She was one the most persistent soldiers during the Revolutionary War. Many Indian women were inspired by her to fight for freedom and she continues to inspire women today. Her fortress was defended by her infant son when the British invaded it in 1858. She was killed in the Battle against a Huge Rose on June 18, 1858 in Gwalior.

6. Jawaharlal Nehru

He was a member of the 1916 Annie Besant-led Home Rule League. During the struggle for freedom, he was held multiple times and spent 9 years in prison between 1921-1945. He was an active participant in the United Province’s Non-Cooperation Movement and served as its leader. He was also involved in salt satyagraha. Jawaharlal Naehru and Subash Chandra Bose believed that India National Congress should strive for independence or Poorna Swaraj. He was elected India’s first prime minster on August 15, 1947.

7. Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, the Punjab Kesari, joined Indian National Congress. He was one the founders of the 1894-founded Punjab National Bank. In 1885, he founded the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic school in Lahore. In New York, he established the Indian Home Rule League of America in 1917. In 1921, he founded the Servants Of People Society in Lahore with the purpose of training and recruiting native missionaries to serve the country. He was a participant in protests against the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and Rowlatt Act as well as the partition of Bengal.

8. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai founded the hardline wing of the Indian National Congress. In 1894, he started the Ganeshotsav & Shivaji Utsav celebrations. Through these celebrations, he spread nationalism to the people. In 1894, he started the Ganeshotsav & Shivaji Utsav celebrations. Through these celebrations, he spread nationalism to the people. He promoted national freedom through Mahratta (English), and Kesari(Marathi) publications. The Trisutri tri-point agenda for national awakening was introduced by him. It stands for Swaraj Swadeshi and National Education.

9. Jyotiba Phule

India’s first girls school was founded by Jyotiba Pule in August 1848. It was located in Tatyasaheb Bide’s house. He opened two more schools for girls and those from lower castes (Mahars, Mangs) later. Because he believed that education alone could solve social injustices, he was an early advocate for women’s education in India. In 1873, he founded Satyashodhak Sama (Society of Truth-Seekers), with the intent of improving the rights of the poor and allowing them to have more political access.

10. Dadabhai Naroji

He founded the East India Association with Indians and British retired officers in London in 1866. This organization advocated for Indians living under British rule and raised issues that needed to be considered. His most important contribution was Dadabhai Naoroji’s book Poverty and Unbritish Rule in India. This book exposed the British economic exploitation of India. He was against the 1878 Vernacular press Act. He supported Indianization of bureaucracy and the inclusion of Indians into the House of Commons.

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List of Freedom Fighters of India & their Roles

In the below list, we are providing a complete list of Freedom Fighters of India from 1857-1947 with their roles:

Freedom Fighters NameContributions
Mohandas Karamchand GandhiHe is referred to as Father of NationHe was a Civil rights activist in South Africa.
He led Champaran and Kheda SatyagrahaNon-violence was his ideology
He started Civil disobedience
He started the Quit India movement
Dr. B R AmbedkarHe is known as the father of the Constitution
He was the First Law Minister of India
Dr. Rajendra PrasadHe was the first President of the Republic of India
He was a leader from Bihar
Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelHe had very active participation in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement
He played important role in unified India
Jawaharlal NehruPre-eminent fighter
He was the first Prime Minister of India
Bhagat SinghHe was one of the youngest and most influential revolutionaries.
Rani GaidinliuShe was Naga spiritual and political leader
Pingali VenkayyaHe was the designer of the flag on which our National Flag is based
Rani Laxmi BaiShe was Indian Rebellion of 1857
Veerapandiya KattabommanHe was an 18th-century Tamil chieftain.
He refused to accept the sovereignty of the British East India Company and raised war against them.
He was captured by the British and was hanged to death on 16 October 1799
Mangal PandeyIndian Rebellion of 1857
Bakht KhanIndian Rebellion of 1857
Chetram JatavIndian Rebellion of 1857
Bahadur Shah ZafarIndian Rebellion of 1857
Begum Hazrat MahalIndian Rebellion of 1857
Asaf AliIndian national movement
Ashfaqulla KhanKakori conspiracy
Manmath Nath GuptaKakori conspiracy
Rajendra LahiriKakori conspiracy
Sachindra BakshiKakori conspiracy
Ram Prasad BismilKakori conspiracy
Roshan SinghKakori conspiracy
Jogesh Chandra ChatterjeeKakori conspiracy
Annie BesantShe Starting the Home Rule Movement
Bagha JatinThe Howrah-Shibpur conspiracy case
Kartar Singh SarabhaLahore conspiracy
Basawon Singh (Sinha)Lahore conspiracy case
Senapati BapatHe was the leader of the Mulshi Satyagraha
Bhikaji CamaUnfurled the Indian flag at the International Socialist Conference at Stuttgart in Germany, 1907
Kanaiyalal Maneklal MunshiHe was founder of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Tirupur KumaranHe was founder of the Desa Bandhu Youth Association
Lakshmi SahgalHe was Officer of the Indian Army
Parbati GiriShe is also known as mother Teresa of Western Orissa.
Kanneganti HanumanthuPalnadu Rebellion
Alluri Sitarama RajuRampa Rebellion 1922-1924
Sucheta KriplaniShe was Chief Minister of an Indian state (UP)
She was also the founder of the All India Mahila Congress in 1940
She sang Vande Mataram in the Constituent Assembly on 15th August 1947
Bhavabhushan MitraInvolved in Ghadar Mutiny
Chandra Shekhar AzadHe reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder
Subhas Chandra BoseHe was twice elected President of the Indian National Congress.
The INA revealed Subhash Bose’s greatness as a military leader and an organiser. (He was not the founder of INA).
Chittaranjan DasLeader in the Non-Cooperation Movement from Bengal and Founder of the Swaraj party
Prafulla ChakiInvolved in the Muzaffarpur killing
Khudiram BoseInvolved in  Muzaffarpur killing
Madan Lal DhingraHe did the assassination of Curzon Wyllie
Surya SenHe is said to be the mastermind of the Chittagong Armoury raid
Pritilata WaddedarPahartali European Club attack
Rash Behari BoseIndian National Army
Shyamji Krishna VarmaFounder of the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.
Subodh RoyInvolvement in the Tebhaga movement
Tanguturi PrakasamThe first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines.
Ubaidullah SindhiEngagement in silk Letter Conspiracy
Vasudev Balwant PhadkeHe was Deccan Rebellion
Vinayak Damodar SavarkarOne of the leading figures of Hindu Mahasabha and the formulator of Hindu Nationalist Philosophy

Important List of Women Freedom Fighters of India

Sarojini Naidu

  • She was also known as the “Nightingale” of India and was a well-known poet, independence fighter, and orator.
  • She was elected to be the leader of the Indian National Congress in 1925.
  • She argued for the Quit India Movement, and the Khilafat Movement. (Indian Disobedience).

Madam Bhikaji Cama

  • At the International Socialist Conference in Germany, she unfurled the first Indian National Flag.

Begum Hazrat Mahal

  • She was also known as “Begum Of Awadh” during India’s First Independence War (1857-1858).
  • She collaborated with Nana Saheb and Tantia Tope in the Revolt.
  • In 1984, the Indian government issued a stamp to honor Begum Hazrat Mahal.

Aruna Asaf Ali

  • Aruna was an active member of Congress Party and participated in open marches during Salt Satyagraha.
  • She was editor of In-Qilab, the monthly publication of the Indian National Congress.
  • She is known as the Independence Movement’s Grand Ol Lady.
  • During the Quit Ind Movement, she was renowned for raising in Bombay the flag of Indian National Congress.

Annie Besant

  • She was a member of the Indian National Congress, and actively participated in Indian political and educational endeavors. She was an outstanding member of the Theosophical Society from Ireland.
  • She was the first woman president of Congress.
  • In 1916, she founded the Indian Home Rule Movement.
  • She was the founder of “New India”, a newspaper.
  • She was the founder of many schools and institutions, including the Central Hindu College High school in Banaras (1913).

Kasturba Gandhi

  • She was an Indigo worker in Champaran, Bihar in the No Tax Campaign, Rajkot Satyagraha, and was also a leader in the Women’s Satyagraha.

Kamala Nehru

  • Jawaharlal Nehru’s widow Kamala Nehru was active in the freedom struggle
  • She was instrumental in organizing parades, picket liquor, foreign clothing shops, and the United Provinces No Tax Campaign.

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

  • She was the President of the Congress Party and the daughter of Motilal Nehru.
  • In an attempt to challenge British dominance, she joined the Non-Cooperation Movement.
  • She was held in 1942 and 1940, both during the Quit India Movement.
  • After India’s independence, she represented India at many international conventions.
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FAQs on Indian Freedom Fighters

  1. What is the list of the top 10 freedom fighters?

    1. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
    2. Mahatama Gandhi
    3. Lal Bahadur Shastri
    4. Jawaharlal Nehr
    5. Lala Lajpat Rai
    6. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
    7. Mangal Pandey
    8. Subhash Chandra Bose
    9. Bhagat Singh
    10. Chandra Shekhar Azad

  2. What are the names of the 5 freedom fighters of India?

    1. Mahatma Gandhi
    2. Subhash Chandra Bose
    3. Bhagat Singh
    4. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
    5. Jawaharlal Nehru

  3. What are the 10 names of Female Freedom Fighters?

    1. Sarojini Naidu
    2. Rani Laxmibai
    3. Annie Bassent
    4. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
    5. Kamala Nehru
    6. Usha Mehta
    7. Kasturba Gandhi
    8. Aruna Asaf Ali
    9. Begum Hazrat Mahal
    10. Madam Bhikaji Cama

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Last updated: August 17, 2023 Updated on 8:56 AM