Global warming refers to the gradual increment of the average temperature of the earth’s lower atmosphere as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases like Carbon dioxide, Methane, Nitrous oxide, Ozone etc. These spreading their arms over the earth’s atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and Arial pollution.
According to UN-report, the atmospheric temperature has risen by 1.10 F and the sea level has risen several inches. Data also reveal that if it continues to increase at the current rate, the temperature would likely reach 1.50C in a few years.
The major devasting effects include the melting of glaciers, rising sea levels, altering precipitation, changing water supplies and many more. India will be among the worst-hit countries that may face the wrath of calamities like floods, heatwaves and reduced GDP. Indian metrological department said 2018 was the sixth warmest year on record.
To fight against global warming, the whole world came under one roof as the Kyoto protocol committed to cutting down the emission of GHGs. They started to adopt renewable and non-conventional energy sources. Against global warming India needs to be both innovative and forward-looking. To promote non-conventional sources, India has set ambitious targets for wind and solar power. Moreover, Budget 2019 contained a path-breaking initiative to provide a personal income tax benefit for investment in electric vehicles that also make perfect sense against global warming.
However, these are not enough. We need to take many strict actions as the pace of global warming is accelerating and if we are late then the opportunity to reverse the damage will disappear.
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