Important Difference between Tendulkar and Rangarajan Committee

Difference between Tendulkar and Rangarajan Committee – It’s important to note that poverty estimation and measurement is a complex and ongoing challenge, and different committees and experts may have varying perspectives and approaches. The government of India and policymakers continue to refine and update poverty estimation methodologies based on the recommendations of various committees, as well as ongoing research and analysis.

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Rangarajan Committee
Saxena Committee
Tendulkar Committee
difference between Tendulkar and Rangarajan committee

Difference between Tendulkar and Rangarajan Committee

The Tendulkar and Rangarajan committees are prominent in India that have dealt with poverty estimation and measurement. Here are the key differences between them:

Objective and Focus:

Tendulkar Committee

The committee, officially known as the Expert Group on Methodology for Estimation of Poverty, was formed in 2005 to revise the poverty line and methodology used to measure poverty in India.

Rangarajan Committee

The committee, officially known as the Expert Group to Review the Methodology for Estimation of Poverty, was formed in 2012 to revisit India’s poverty estimation methodology. It aimed to provide an updated poverty line and recommended changes to the methodology used by the Tendulkar Committee.

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Poverty Line:

Tendulkar Committee

The committee introduced a new methodology for poverty estimation, shifting from the calorie intake to the consumption expenditure-based approach. It recommended that the poverty line be set at a higher level, resulting in more people falling below the poverty line.

Rangarajan Committee

The committee recommended a new poverty line based on the consumption expenditure of households. It proposed separate poverty lines for rural and urban areas and updated the methodology for estimating poverty by considering additional factors such as health and education expenses.

Poverty Estimates:

Tendulkar Committee

The committee’s estimates indicated a relatively lower poverty rate than earlier estimates. It raised the poverty line and introduced a higher threshold, decreasing the official poverty rate.

Rangarajan Committee

The committee’s recommendations led to a higher poverty rate than the estimates provided by the Tendulkar Committee. According to the Rangarajan Committee’s estimates, India’s poverty rate was higher than previously reported.

Data Sources:

Tendulkar Committee

The committee used the data from the NSS conducted during 2004-05 to calculate poverty estimates.

Rangarajan Committee

The committee utilized the data from the National Sample Survey (NSS) conducted during 2011-12 to derive its poverty estimates.


Impact of Tendulkar Committee:

  • The Tendulkar Committee’s introduction of a higher poverty line and a consumption expenditure-based approach decreased the official poverty rate.
  • The committee’s methodology received both praise and criticism. Some commended the shift to a more realistic estimation approach, while others argued that the new poverty line was still too low to capture the true extent of poverty in India.

Impact of Rangarajan Committee:

  • The Rangarajan Committee‘s recommendations on poverty estimation were significant as they proposed a higher poverty line and indicated a more significant number of people living below the poverty line in India.
  • The committee’s approach of considering additional factors, such as health and education expenses, in estimating poverty was considered more comprehensive and multidimensional.
  • However, there was debate and criticism regarding the methodology and data used by the committee, with some arguing that it might have overestimated poverty levels.

Controversies and Debates: Difference between Tendulkar and Rangarajan Committee

  • Both committees faced scrutiny and controversies regarding their poverty lines and estimation methods.
  • Critics argued that the poverty lines recommended by both committees were still relatively low and did not adequately reflect the cost of living and the diverse needs of the Indian population.
  • There were also debates about the appropriate methodology for measuring poverty, with some advocating for a more multidimensional approach that considers factors beyond income and consumption.

Conclusion – Difference between Tendulkar and Rangarajan Committee

It’s important to note that both committees contributed significantly to the understanding of poverty in India and helped shape policies and interventions to address this issue.

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