“Art and Culture” is one of the most important topics asked in the General Studies and General Knowledge” Section of many competitive exams like UPSC CSE, State PCS, CDS, NDA, FSSAI, SSC, and Others. we are providing students important topics that are the favourite to most of the examiners while framing questions. “Indian Architecture Styles” is a part of this series and in this post, we are providing students with comprehensive notes on this topic. Sources of our notes are different government portals like “cultural India“, “Incredible India“, “Ministry of Culture” for the latest updates and many competitive books like NIOS, IGNOU, NCERT, the National Museum site for pictures and Wikipedia for static parts.
- The Rajputs were great patrons of art and architecture, the finest examples being their forts and palaces. The Rajput palaces are complex compositions built as inner citadels surrounded by the city and enclosed by a fortified wall as at chittorgarh and jaisalmer. Some forts, such as those at Bharatput and Deeg, were protected by wide moats.
- The palaces of Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur and Kota represent the maturity of the Rajput style.
- The architecture of the Deccan is marked by its distinct originality and independence of style, unlike the architectural styles of the other provinces, which combined both the temple architecture and the Islamic building ideals. It derived its elements from teh architectural styles of the Sultan of Delhi and that of the distant Persia.
- Some key features of this style are the presence of bulbous domes with lotus neck, military style of architecture, presence fo thick walls and combination of gateway and mosque-like Charminar.
- The medieval period saw great developments in the field of architechture. With the coming of Muslims to India, many new features came to be introduced in buildings. The development of Muslim style of architecture of this period can be called the Indo-Islamic architecture or the Indian architecture influenced by Islamic Art.
- The Indo-Islamic style was neither strictly Islamic nor strictly Hindu.
- The earliest building of this period is Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque and the Qutub Minar at Delhi.