Latest UPSC IFS Exam (Indian Forest Service) 2023-2024

Everything About UPSC IFS Exam (Indian Forest Service) Exam from Basics – exam pattern, syllabus, job profile, career growth, number of vacancies out, starting salary, preparation strategy, best books, courses, and test series, admit card, result, previous year cut-off analysis, and duration of preparation.


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UPSC IFS Exam (Indian Forest Examination) Overview

Name of ExaminationUPSC IFS
Full-Form of IFSIndian Forest Service
Exam Organised BodyUnion Public Service Commission
Salary₹56,100 – ₹2,25,000
Vacancy NotificationOnce a Year
Notification release monthJanuary – February
Application ModeOnline
QualificationBachelor’s Degree
Age Limite21 years to 32 years
Application Fee₹100/-
Selection ProcessPreliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Personality Test (Interview)
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Details of UPSC IFS Syllabus
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About UPSC IFS Exam

The UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in India. It is a prestigious examination held annually to recruit officers for the Indian Forest Service, which is one of the three All India Services, along with the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS). The IFS exam consists of two stages: a preliminary examination and a main examination followed by an interview. Successful candidates undergo training at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy before being assigned various forest and wildlife-related roles across the country.

Number of Vacancies in UPSC IFS 2023

The number of vacancies for the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) exam can vary from year to year. The specific number of vacancies is determined by the government and is subject to change based on various factors such as administrative requirements, available positions, and the needs of the Indian Forest Service. The UPSC releases a notification each year with the total number of vacancies for the IFS exam. For example, in 2023, a total of 150 vacancies were announced, while in 2022, a total of 151 vacancies were announced.
UPSC is advisable to refer to the official UPSC website or the annual notification for accurate and up-to-date information regarding the number of vacancies for a particular year.

Job Profile after Selection in UPSC IFS Exam

After selection in the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) exam, candidates are appointed as officers in the Indian Forest Service. The job profile of an IFS officer involves the management, protection, and conservation of forests and wildlife resources in the country.

Here are some key responsibilities and activities of an IFS officer:

  1. Forest Management: IFS officers are responsible for managing and maintaining forest resources, including planning and implementing sustainable forestry practices, timber harvesting, afforestation, and reforestation.
  2. Wildlife Conservation: IFS officers play a crucial role in the protection and conservation of wildlife and their habitats. They work towards preserving endangered species, preventing poaching and illegal wildlife trade, and implementing conservation programs.
  3. Forest Development and Planning: IFS officers participate in the formulation and implementation of policies and programs related to forest development, ecosystem restoration, and environmental sustainability.
  4. Forest Research and Training: IFS officers may be involved in conducting research on forest ecology, biodiversity, and climate change. They also provide training and guidance to forest staff and local communities on sustainable forest management practices.
  5. Law Enforcement: IFS officers enforce forest and wildlife laws, investigate cases of forest offenses, and take action against illegal activities such as encroachment, smuggling, and poaching.
  6. Community Engagement: IFS officers work closely with local communities, tribal groups, and stakeholders to promote community-based conservation initiatives, livelihood development, and awareness about the importance of forests and wildlife.
  7. Administration and Supervision: IFS officers may hold administrative positions at various levels, overseeing the functioning of forest departments, managing staff, and implementing government policies and programs.

Overall, IFS officers have a challenging and diverse job profile, involving fieldwork, research, policy formulation, and enforcement, all aimed at the sustainable management and conservation of India’s forests and wildlife resources.

UPSC IFS Post after Selection

The Indian Forest Service (IFS) offers various posts and designations for officers.

Here is a comprehensive list of the posts under the UPSC IFS:

  1. Divisional Forest Officer (DFO)
  2. Deputy Inspector General of Forests (DIGF)
  3. Conservator of Forests (CF)
  4. Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF)
  5. Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF)
  6. Director General of Forests (DG)
  7. Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF)
  8. Assistant Inspector General of Forests (AIGF)
  9. Inspector General of Forests (IGF)
  10. Deputy Director General of Forests (DDG)
  11. Chief Wildlife Warden
  12. Assistant Director General of Forests (ADG)
  13. Director of Forest Education (DFE)
  14. Regional Chief Conservator of Forests (RCCF)
  15. Deputy Chief Conservator of Forests (DCCF)

These are some of the prominent posts that officers can attain during their career progression in the Indian Forest Service. The exact hierarchy and availability of these posts may vary based on the state, departmental structure, and years of service.

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The starting salary of UPSC IFS

Here is the list of different posts in the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) along with their pay level and starting salary as per the 7th Pay Commission:

1. Assistant Conservator of Forests (ACF):

  • Pay Level: Level 10
  • Starting Salary: Approximately Rs. 56,100 per month

2. Divisional Forest Officer (DFO):

  • Pay Level: Level 12
  • Starting Salary: Approximately Rs. 67,700 per month

3. Conservator of Forests (CF):

  • Pay Level: Level 13
  • Starting Salary: Approximately Rs. 78,800 per month

4. Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF):

  • Pay Level: Level 14
  • Starting Salary: Approximately Rs. 1,18,500 per month

5. Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF):

  • Pay Level: Level 15
  • Starting Salary: Approximately Rs. 1,44,200 per month

6. Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF):

  • Pay Level: Level 16
  • Starting Salary: Approximately Rs. 1,82,200 per month

7. Director General of Forests (DG):

  • Pay Level: Level 17
  • Starting Salary: Approximately Rs. 2,25,000 per month

Please note that these figures are approximate and can vary based on various factors such as location, allowances, and promotions. It’s always recommended to refer to official notifications and government sources for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding salaries and pay levels.

Career growth in UPSC IFS

The career growth in the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) offers opportunities for officers to progress through various posts and levels.

Here is a detailed overview of the career growth in different posts of the IFS:

1. Assistant Conservator of Forests (ACF):

  • Upon joining as an ACF, officers can gradually progress to the post of Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) after a few years of service and gaining relevant experience.
  • Promotion to higher posts, such as Conservator of Forests (CF), Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF), and Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF), can be achieved through experience, seniority, and performance.

2. Divisional Forest Officer (DFO):

  • DFOs can aspire to become Conservator of Forests (CF) after gaining experience and expertise in forest management, wildlife conservation, and administration.
  • Promotions to higher positions like APCCF, PCCF, CCF, and DG are possible based on the officer’s performance, seniority, and additional qualifications.

3. Conservator of Forests (CF):

  • CFs can aim for higher roles such as Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF), Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF), and Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF).
  • Further promotions to the level of Director General of Forests (DG) are possible based on experience, exemplary performance, and expertise in the field.

4. Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF):

  • APCCFs have the opportunity to progress to higher positions such as PCCF, CCF, and DG based on their performance, experience, and competence.

5. Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF):

  • PCCFs can advance to the position of Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF) and subsequently to the role of Director General of Forests (DG) based on their seniority, experience, and performance.

6. Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF):

  • CCFs can aspire to become the Director General of Forests (DG) based on their experience, expertise, and exceptional performance in forest management, policy formulation, and leadership.

7. Director General of Forests (DG):

  • The highest-ranking post in the Indian Forest Service, DGs are responsible for overseeing the entire forest administration, policy-making, and strategic decision-making at the national level.

It’s important to note that career growth in the IFS is influenced by factors such as experience, performance, additional qualifications, seniority, and vacancies available at higher levels. Officers may also have opportunities for deputation to prestigious assignments, both within the country and internationally, further enhancing their career prospects.

Selection Process For UPSC IFS Examination

The selection process for the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) examination involves multiple stages.

Here is a step-by-step overview of the selection process:

1. Stage 1: Preliminary Examination (Objective Type):

  • The first stage is a preliminary examination, which consists of two objective-type papers: General Studies and Aptitude Test.
  • The General Studies paper assesses the candidate’s knowledge of current affairs, Indian history, geography, environment, etc.
  • The Aptitude Test measures the candidate’s logical reasoning, analytical ability, and comprehension skills.

2. Stage 2: Main Examination (Descriptive Type):

  • Candidates who qualify the preliminary examination are eligible for the main examination.
  • The main examination comprises several papers covering various subjects related to forestry, environment, wildlife, and general knowledge.
  • The papers include subjects such as General English, General Knowledge, Optional Subject Paper I, and Paper II (chosen by the candidate from a list of subjects provided).

3. Stage 3: Personality Test (Interview):

  • Candidates who clear the main examination are shortlisted for the personality test, also known as the interview round.
  • The interview aims to assess the candidate’s suitability, knowledge, personality traits, and ability to handle challenging situations.
  • The interview panel comprises experts who evaluate the candidate’s overall personality, communication skills, and depth of understanding in the field of forestry and related areas.

4. Final Selection:

  • The final selection is based on the candidate’s performance in the main examination and the personality test.
  • The marks obtained in the main examination and interview are considered for determining the final merit list.
  • Candidates who secure high ranks in the merit list are offered appointments in the Indian Forest Service.

Preparation strategy for UPSC IFS exam

Preparing for the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) examination requires a well-planned and disciplined approach.

Here is a preparation strategy to help you in your IFS journey:

1. Understand the Exam Pattern and Syllabus:

  • Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern, including the number of papers, marks distribution, and time duration for each stage.
  • Thoroughly go through the syllabus to identify the topics and subjects you need to cover.

2. Create a Study Plan:

  • Devise a study plan that allows for comprehensive coverage of all subjects over a specific time frame.
  • Allocate sufficient time for each subject based on its weightage and your proficiency level.
  • Include regular revisions and practice sessions in your study plan.

3. Study Material and Resources:

  • Gather relevant and reliable study materials, including textbooks, reference books, online resources, and previous years’ question papers.
  • Make use of standard textbooks and study materials recommended by experts.
  • Stay updated with current affairs by reading newspapers, magazines, and online sources regularly.

4. Subject-wise Preparation:

  • Divide your preparation time for each subject and allocate specific study hours accordingly.
  • Focus on building a strong foundation in subjects such as forestry, wildlife, environment, and general studies.
  • Practice solving previous years’ question papers and take mock tests to improve your time management and problem-solving skills.

5. Revision and Practice:

  • Regularly revise the topics you have covered to retain information.
  • Take comprehensive notes for quick reference and revision.
  • Solve practice questions and participate in online quizzes to assess your understanding of concepts and improve your accuracy.

6. Develop Writing Skills:

  • Enhance your writing skills by practicing answer writing and essay writing.
  • Pay attention to proper structuring, clarity, and coherence in your answers.
  • Seek feedback from mentors or experienced candidates to improve your writing style.

7. Stay Updated and Current Affairs:

  • Stay updated with current national and international events, government schemes, and policies.
  • Focus on environmental issues, wildlife conservation, and forestry-related developments.
  • Read newspapers, magazines, and online platforms to stay abreast of current affairs.

8. Mock Tests and Self-Evaluation:

  • Take regular mock tests to assess your preparation level and identify areas that need improvement.
  • Analyze your performance, identify weaknesses, and work on them.
  • Time yourself during mock tests to improve your speed and accuracy.

9. Physical Fitness and Mental Well-being:

  • Engage in regular physical exercise and maintain a healthy lifestyle to enhance your overall well-being.
  • Practice stress management techniques and maintain a positive mindset throughout the preparation journey.

10. Seek Guidance and Mentorship:

Remember, consistency, dedication, and perseverance are key to success in the UPSC IFS examination. Stay focused, manage your time efficiently, and maintain a positive attitude throughout your preparation. Good luck!

Best Books for UPSC IFS

Certainly! Here is a comprehensive list of highly recommended books for the preparation of the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) exam:

  1. Indian Forestry by Manikandan and Prabhu
  2. Introduction to Forestry and Natural Resources by Richard N. Lester
  3. Environment for Civil Services Prelims and Mains by D. R. Khullar
  4. Environmental Science by G. Shankar Rao
  5. Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure by R. Rajagopalan
  6. Indian Wildlife by S. Theodore Baskaran
  7. Wildlife in India by Valmik Thapar
  8. Oxford School Atlas by Oxford University Press
  9. Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth
  10. Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  11. Indian Geography by Majid Husain
  12. Indian History by Krishna Reddy
  13. History of Modern India by Bipan Chandra
  14. Indian Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
  15. Science and Technology in India by Kalpana Rajaram
  16. General Studies Paper I by Arihant Experts
  17. General Studies Paper II by Arihant Experts
  18. Indian Society by Ram Ahuja
  19. Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude by M. Karthikeyan
  20. Current Affairs magazines like Civil Services Chronicle, Pratiyogita Darpan, and Yojana.

These books cover various subjects including forestry, environment, wildlife, geography, polity, economy, history, culture, science, and general studies. It’s important to note that this is not an exhaustive list, and there may be other useful resources available. Additionally, refer to the latest editions of these books to ensure you have the most updated and relevant information for your preparation.

Test series for UPSC IFS

Nishant eAcademy is a highly recommended online learning platform for UPSC NDA (National Defence Academy) exam preparation. It provides top-quality coaching and guidance to students through its team of highly experienced and qualified faculty members. The academy offers well-structured courses, study materials, video lectures, practice tests, and doubt-clearing sessions to help the students prepare thoroughly for the exam. The academy has a track record of producing a large number of successful candidates who have cleared the UPSC NDA exam with top ranks. Overall, Nishant eAcademy is an excellent platform for UPSC NDA aspirants who want to achieve success in the exam.

Duration of Preparation for the UPSC IFS Exam

The duration of preparation for the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) exam can vary depending on several factors, including the candidate’s prior knowledge, aptitude, study routine, and dedication. On average, a dedicated and disciplined student may require around 10-12 months of focused preparation to cover the vast syllabus and develop the required skills for the exam.

Some individuals may need more time to thoroughly study and grasp the concepts, while others may be able to expedite their preparation based on their background knowledge or study methods. Additionally, regular revisions, practice with mock tests, and self-evaluation will help in strengthening your understanding and time management skills.

Remember that everyone has their own learning pace, so it’s essential to focus on quality rather than rushing through the syllabus. Develop a sustainable study schedule, stay committed, and strive for consistent progress throughout your preparation journey.


Difference between Indian forest services(IFS) and Indian foreign services (IFS).

The Indian Forest Service (IFS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) are two distinct services in the Government of India:
Indian Forest Service (IFS):
Responsible for managing and conserving forests and wildlife resources in India.
Officers work in forestry-related roles, focusing on forest management, wildlife conservation, and environmental protection.
Indian Foreign Service (IFS):
Deals with India’s external affairs and diplomacy.
Officers represent India abroad, engage in international relations, and work on matters like bilateral negotiations, trade, and cultural exchanges.
In short, IFS (Indian Forest Service) is dedicated to forestry and conservation, while IFS (Indian Foreign Service) is focused on external affairs and diplomatic relations.

What is the full form of UPSC IFS?

The Full form of UPSC IFS is the Union Public Service Commission – Indian Forest Services.

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Last updated: August 9, 2023 Updated on 10:15 AM