Latest UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) Exam Syllabus 2023-24

The UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) Exam has two stages: Preliminary Examination and Main Examination. The Preliminary Exam consists of two papers: General Studies and General Ability Test. The General Studies paper covers topics like current events, history, geography, polity, economy, and general science. The General Ability Test evaluates comprehension, reasoning, decision-making, numeracy, and English language skills. The Main Exam includes papers on General English, General Knowledge, and optional subjects chosen by the candidate. The optional subjects include Agriculture, Forestry, Botany, Chemistry, Mathematics, and others. Candidates who qualify for the Main Exam undergo an interview to assess their personality and suitability for the Indian Forest Service.

UPSC IFS - Syllabus


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Details of UPSC IFS Exam 

UPSC IFS Preliminary Examination Syllabus

The UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) Preliminary Examination consists of two papers: General Studies (Paper-I) and General Ability Test (Paper-II). Here is a detailed syllabus for each paper:

Paper-I: General Studies

  1. Current events of national and international importance
  2. History of India and the Indian National Movement
  3. Indian and World Geography
  4. Indian Polity and Governance
  5. Economic and Social Development
  6. General Science

Paper-II: General Ability Test

  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision-making and problem-solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)
  7. English language comprehension skills (Class X level)

Both papers are objective-type (multiple-choice questions) and carry 200 marks each. The duration of each paper is two hours. The General Ability Test (Paper-II) is a qualifying paper, and candidates need to score a minimum qualifying mark of 33% to move on to the Main Examination.

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UPSC IFS Mains Examination Syllabus

The UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) Mains Examination consists of six papers. Paper-I is a General English paper, while Paper-II is a General Knowledge paper. Papers III, IV, V, and VI are optional subjects chosen by the candidate.

Here is a detailed syllabus for each paper:

Paper-I: General English (300 marks)

  1. Essay writing
  2. Comprehension
  3. Precis writing
  4. Usage and vocabulary
  5. Grammar and language skills

Paper-II: General Knowledge (300 marks)

  1. Current events of national and international importance
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement
  3. Indian and World Geography
  4. Indian Polity and Governance
  5. Economic and Social Development
  6. Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change

Optional Subjects (Papers III, IV, V, and VI): Candidates need to choose any two subjects from the list provided by the UPSC. Each optional subject carries 200 marks. The optional subjects include:

  • Agriculture
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Forestry
  • Geology
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

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Interview/Personality Test

The UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) Personality Test, also known as the Interview, assesses the candidate’s personality, communication skills, and overall suitability for the Indian Forest Service.

Here is a detailed syllabus for the IFS Personality Test:

  1. General Awareness: Candidates are expected to be well-informed about current national and international events, socio-economic issues, environmental concerns, and developments in the field of forestry and conservation.
  2. Personality Traits: The interview panel assesses the candidate’s personality traits, such as leadership qualities, decision-making abilities, integrity, perseverance, and adaptability.
  3. Problem-Solving and Analytical Skills: Candidates may be presented with hypothetical situations or case studies related to forest management, conservation, or wildlife protection, and they are expected to analyze the problem and provide logical and practical solutions.
  4. Communication Skills: Effective communication is essential for an IFS officer. Candidates are evaluated on their ability to express their thoughts clearly, listen attentively, and engage in meaningful discussions.
  5. Domain Knowledge: Candidates are expected to have a strong understanding of forestry, wildlife, conservation, environmental laws, and related subjects. Questions may be asked to test their knowledge in these areas.
  6. Personal Experience and Motivation: Candidates may be asked about their background, academic achievements, work experience, and their reasons for choosing the Indian Forest Service as a career. They should be able to articulate their passion for nature, conservation, and sustainable development.
  7. Decision-Making and Leadership: The panel may assess the candidate’s decision-making abilities and leadership potential through situational questions or by discussing past experiences where the candidate had to take charge and make important decisions.


What is the best way to cover the UPSC IFS syllabus?

Covering the UPSC IFS (Indian Forest Service) syllabus requires systematic and comprehensive preparation. Here are some effective strategies to cover the syllabus:
Understand the Syllabus: Start by thoroughly understanding the UPSC IFS syllabus for both the Preliminary and Main Examinations. This will help you identify the topics and subjects you need to focus on.
Create a Study Plan: Develop a well-structured study plan that allocates sufficient time for each subject and topic. Set achievable targets and prioritize areas that require more attention.
Refer to Standard Books: Consult recommended textbooks and study materials that cover the topics in the syllabus. Refer to books suggested by successful candidates, coaching institutes, or reliable sources. Make sure to read books that provide in-depth knowledge and understanding of the subjects.
Take Advantage of Online Resources: Utilize online resources such as UPSC websites, e-books, study materials, video lectures, and online courses to supplement your preparation. Many websites and platforms offer free or paid resources specifically tailored for UPSC exams.
Practice Previous Years’ Question Papers: Solve previous years’ question papers to get acquainted with the exam pattern, understand the type of questions asked, and assess your knowledge and time management skills. This will also help you identify your strengths and weaknesses.
Mock Tests and Revision: Regularly take mock tests and participate in test series to assess your progress and identify areas that need improvement. Mock tests simulate the actual exam environment and help you practice time management. Also, revise the topics regularly to reinforce your understanding and retention.
Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with current affairs, national and international news, environmental issues, government policies, and developments in forestry and conservation. Read newspapers, magazines, and online sources regularly.
Join Study Groups and Discussion Forums: Engage in study groups, online forums, or coaching centers where you can interact with fellow aspirants. Discussing and exchanging knowledge and ideas can broaden your understanding and provide different perspectives.
Balance Subjects: While preparing for the Main Examination, allocate sufficient time to cover the optional subjects along with General English and General Knowledge. Maintaining a balance in your preparation will help you perform well in all sections.
Revise and Analyze: Regularly revise the topics you have covered. Also, analyze your performance in mock tests and identify areas that need improvement. Work on strengthening your weak areas and focus on time management.
Remember, consistency, dedication, and perseverance are key to covering the vast UPSC IFS syllabus. Develop a study routine, stay motivated, and seek guidance from mentors or experienced candidates whenever necessary.

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