Updated MBBS Exam Syllabus 2024-25

In this post, we are providing the updated MBBS exam syllabus with pdf, preparation strategy, exam pattern, and many important things which are very helpful for the MBBS aspirants.

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MBBS Exam Syllabus

The MBBS exam syllabus is crucial for several reasons. Firstly, it outlines the essential knowledge and skills that medical students must acquire during their training. It ensures that students cover a broad range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and clinical medicine. Secondly, the syllabus acts as a benchmark for evaluating students’ understanding and competence in various medical disciplines. It helps maintain a standardized assessment process across different medical schools and ensures that graduates meet the required standards for medical practice. Lastly, the syllabus serves as a guide for educators to structure their teaching and design curricula that adequately prepare students for their future roles as medical professionals.

MBBS Syllabus 2025

MBBS exam is a comprehensive exam that assesses the knowledge and skills of medical students pursuing Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degree. It consists of both theoretical and practical components.

To prepare for the MBBS exam candidates should create a study schedule, allocate sufficient time for each subject, and focus on understanding the concepts rather than rote memorization. Regular revision, practice with past papers, and solving sample questions can help build confidence and improve time management skills.

MBBS Exam Syllabus Overview

MBBS syllabus includes subjects that are essential for medical education and practice. These subjects include anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, pharmacology, microbiology, forensic medicine, community medicine, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, medicine, surgery, and more.

The MBBS program consists of nine semesters, consisting of both theory and practical components. The syllabus is designed to provide an understanding of medical science, clinical skills, and patient care.

MBBS Exam syllabus 2024-25

Here we are providing the updated MBBS Exam syllabus year and semester wise:

YearSemesterSubjectTopics
 1 year 1st semesterAnatomyMicroanatomy, Gross anatomy, Embryology and Genetics, and Neuroanatomy.
Biochemistry Molecular Biology, Hormones 
  2nd semester  Biochemistry  Cancer and cancer makers, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Food assimilation, and nutrition. 
 PhysiologyRespiratory System, Nutrition, Kidney 
  2 year  3rd semesterCommunity Medicine
Infestations, Ineffective dermatoses, Allergic disorders, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, Allergic disorders
 Forensic MedicineToxicology, Forensic Medicine. 
  4th semester PathologyGeneral Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical. 
 PharmacologyGeneral Pharmacology, Cardiovascular system, Autacoids, Hormones, Miscellaneous, Gastrointestinal, and respiratory system 
  3 year  5th semester Microbiology Bacteriology, Microbiology
Clinical postings in Wards – 
  6th semester Community MedicineCommunity Medicine deals with the health system of the overall population of a community.
OPD   –
  4 year  7th semesterMedicine and allied subjects  Clinical Pharmacology
  8th semester Obstetrics and GynaecologyObstetrics, Neonatology, and Recent Advances  
  5 year  9th semesterPediatricsImmunization, Fluid-Electrolyte, Paediatrics Emergencies Surgery and Allied Subjects, Clinical postings

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Phases of MBBS Exam Syllabus

MBBS Syllabus is divided into 3 stages below we are providing the table for a better understanding.

PhaseSemesterDetails
Phase ISemester IIPre-Clinical Subjects
Phase IISemester IIIPara-clinical and Clinical subjects
Phase IIISemester IVAfter passing the semester I continuation of the study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters

MBBS Exam Syllabus Division

The MBBS course is divided into 9 semesters, each with a teaching duration of approximately 120 days. This course division will also include a rigorous one-year internship for the students. Please refer to the following table for a better understanding of the division of the MBBS syllabus:

PhasesSemesterSubjects covered
Pre-ClinicalSemesters 1 – 2 (Total Two Semesters)Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry
Para-ClinicalSemesters 3 – 5 (Total Three Semesters)Community Medicine, Microbiology, Clinical postings inwards, Pathology, Forensic Medicine Pharmacology,
ClinicalSemesters 6 – 9 (Total Four Semesters)Medicine and allied subjects (Dermatology, Psychiatry), Paediatrics, Community Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
Surgery and allied subjectsENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, Anesthesiology,
Clinical postings

MBBS Syllabus – Division of Subjects Covered

Below we are providing the detailed MBBS syllabus:

PhaseSubjectsTopics
Pre-ClinicalAnatomyMicroanatomy, Embryology, Genetics, Gross anatomy, Neuroanatomy
Para-ClinicalToxicology & Forensic MedicineToxicology, Forensic Medicine
ClinicalAnesthesiologySkills I/V, Cannulation, Bag Mask Ventilation, Preoperative evaluation & optimization,

MBBS Syllabus Subjects

There are many subjects in the MBBS syllabus, we are providing the subject details below:

Core SubjectsElective Subjects
PediatricRadio-diagnosis
OphthalmologyBlood Bank and Transfusion Department
CasualtyForensic Medicine and Toxicology
Community MedicinePhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Surgery including OrthopaedicsDermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Gynae- Including FamilyAnesthesia
OtorhinolaryngologyTuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
MedicinePsychiatry

MBBS Specialisations

There are many specializations offered by the MBBS below we are mentioning the details:

  1. General Medicine
  2. General Surgery
  3. Paediatrics
  4. Obstetrics and Gynecology
  5. Dermatology
  6. Ophthalmology
  7. Orthopedics
  8. ENT
  9. Psychiatry
  10. Anesthesiology
  11. Plastic Surgery
  12. Neuro Surgery
  13. Cardio-Thoracic surgery
  14. Continuous Urinary surgery
  15. Pediatric Surgery
  16. Gastroenterology
  17. Endocrinology
  18. Clinical Hematology
  19. Nephrology
  20. Cardiology
  21. Immunology
  22. Craniologist
  23. Pathologist

MBBS Syllabus 1 Year Rotary Internship

After completing the MBBS course, it is extremely essential that candidates should complete their 12-month rotatory internship. When candidates are under the internship period, they will be provided with hands-on experience of how things work in their field. During this internship session, students learn to work on their interpersonal skills and communication skills. The concerned department of medical will be providing the logbook for each student.

SpecialityDuration
Medicine1.5 months
Surgery1.5 months
Rural3 month
Pediatrics1 month
Obstetrics and Gynaecology1 month
Casualty1 month
Anaesthesiology15 days
Ophthalmology15 days
Elective2 months

MBBS Syllabus Projects

The project is the part of MBBS course. Some of the topics of the MBBS Project are as follows:

  1. Medical humanitarian missions in the developing world
  2. Homoeopathic medicines – the placebo effect
  3. Child health care
  4. Epidemics versus pandemics

Best books for MBBS Syllabus

Here we are suggesting some best books for the MBBS syllabus:

  1. Anatomy: “Gray’s Anatomy for Students” by Richard Drake, A. Wayne Vogl, and Adam W. M. Mitchell.
  2. Physiology: “Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology” by John E. Hall.
  3. Biochemistry: “Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry” by Victor W. Rodwell, David A. Bender, Kathleen M. Botham, and Peter J. Kennelly.
  4. Pathology: “Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” by Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Jon C. Aster.
  5. Pharmacology: “Goodman & Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics” by Laurence L. Brunton, Bjorn C. Knollmann, Randa Hilal-Dandan.
  6. Microbiology: “Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology” by Karen C. Carroll, Janet Butel, Stephen Morse, Timothy Mietzner.
  7. Medicine: “Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine” edited by Dennis L. Kasper, Anthony S. Fauci, Stephen L. Hauser, Dan L. Longo, J. Larry Jameson, Joseph Loscalzo.
  8. Surgery: “Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery” edited by F. Charles Brunicardi, Dana K. Andersen, Timothy R. Billiar, David L. Dunn, John G. Hunter, Raphael E. Pollock.

MBBS Exam syllabus pdf

The candidates can download the new MBBS Syllabus pdf yearly wise like MBBS 1st year syllabus pdf, MBBS 2nd year syllabus pdf till 5th year syllabus pdf.



FAQs – MBBS Exam Syllabus

Is there any physics in MBBS Syllabus?

Physics is not a separate subject in the MBBS course. Physics concepts are covered in topics such as medical imaging, radiation therapy, biomechanics, and electrocardiography. Physics principles are applied to understand these areas of medical science.

Is MBBS syllabus tough?

Yes, MBBS course is challenging because of the wide coverage of medical sciences. It requires dedicated study, a strong work ethic, and a deep understanding of various subjects. With proper preparation, guidance, and dedication it can be accomplished successfully.

Difference between MBBS and BDS syllabus

The main difference between MBBS and BDS syllabus lies in the focus of study. MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) focuses on medical sciences, covering subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, Medicine, and Surgery. BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) focuses on dental sciences, including subjects like Dental Anatomy, Oral Pathology, Periodontology, and Oral Surgery.

How many semesters are there in the MBBS program?

The MBBS program consists of nine semesters, including both theory and practical components.

Are there any practical components in the MBBS exam?

Yes, the MBBS exam includes practical components such as clinical exams and viva voce (oral) exams.

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