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One Nation One Constitution- Article 370/35A
In the backdrop of the Pulwama attack, the justified rage of Indians inclined to the ‘special’ status of J&K. Article 370 under part XXI- Temporary, Transitional and special provisions gives conformity that the parliament of India needs state approval for applying all other laws except for Defence, Foreign affairs, Finance and Communications whereas Article 35A grants permanent residents with some special rights and privileges.
From the get-go of the Constitution, these rights have become the elephant in the room against the idealism of the One Nation One Constitution. The crux of special status lies in history when Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of J&K signed the “Instrument of Accession” in 1947.
Thenceforward, the condition of J&K is deteriorating. Under the guise of special status, many separatist leaders adulterate people to spread terrorism. Moreover, the territory also suffers from poor infrastructure, low growth rate, high illiteracy and unemployment even though it receives 10% of all central funds despite having 1% of the population.
As a matter of point, on 5th August 2019, this special right is revoked by presidential order. With this, the J&K reorganisation bill has passed which divided the valley into two union territories- Jammu-Kashmir and Ladakh. Six years term converted into five years. Also, J&K will no longer have a separate constitution, flag, anthem and dual citizenship. All laws passed by parliament will be applicable in J&K including fundamental rights and the right to information. Thus, after the revocation of article 370, the spirit of “one nation one constitution” has become a reality in India. Further, it provides buttress in terms of security, economy and unity.
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