Important Prepositions list

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Preposition

A preposition is a word that comes before a noun or a pronoun and shows its relation with other parts (words) of the sentence.

Examples:

  • The book is on the table.
  • The pen is in the Pen-box.
  • The cat is under the table.
  • The book is between the inkpot and the computer.

Types of Prepositions

There are three types of Prepositions.

  1. Simple Prepositions

These are simple words used as prepositions. For example, [at, by, for, in, from, of, off, on, out, over, through, though, till, to under, up, with]

  1. Compound Prepositions

Compound Prepositions are those prepositions that are formed by prefixing the preposition to a noun, an adjective or an adverb.

Compound Preposition = Prefix + Noun/adjective/adverb

For example:

About, Above, Across, along, amidst, among, around, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, inside, outside, underneath, within, without

  1. Phrase Prepositions

When a group of words is used as a single preposition then it is called a Phrase Preposition. Examples are: In spite of, despite of, etc

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Correct use of Prepositions

Use of AT

RulesExamples
Name of Smaller PlacesI live at South Dhadka.
She was living at Ramsaray Muhallah.
For Indication/AimWith few wordsShout at,
grumble at,
shoot at,
laugh at,
mock at,
bite at,
look at,
kick at,
aim at,
smile at,
growl at etc.
Case of Time ReferenceHe will reach at 5 am.
He came at 6 O’clock.
He can go at night.
(at noon, at dawn, at dusk, at midnight, at afternoon, at twilight, at daybreak etc)
At this moment,
at bedtime,
at this hour,
at Christmas
In case of
Price/Rate/Speed
Milk sells at Rs 22 per litre.
He got that book at Rs 50.
The motorcycle is running at eighty Kilometres an hour.
For Temporary actionHe is at work (means he is working now).
She is at play.
to express age/stages of LifeMy grandfather died at the age of sixty.
I left college at twenty-five.

Use of “In”

RulesExamples
Name of Bigger Places
(world, Country, City, Continent, State, Metropolitan city, etc)
we live in India.
India is in Asia.
She lived in Uttar Pradesh.
Mr Thakur lives in Patna.
Case of Time ReferenceIn the night.
in the morning.
In the evening.
In the afternoon.
For Permanent actionHis brother is in the Army.
I am in education.
He is in politics.
to express the period of timeIn a week
in this week
in this month
in this season
In spring
in autumn
in January
in Summer

Use of “into”

RulesExamples
It is used for [motion inside anything]The frog fell into the well.
He jumped into the river.
The robbers broke into my house.
for a change –
One medium to another medium
One state to another state
Translate into English
Milk turns into curd
Water turns into ice

Use of “On”

RulesExamples
Surfaces are in touchthere are two books on the table.
He was carrying a suitcase on his head.
Students were standing on benches.
Time expressionOn Monday
on the same night
On Monday evening
On” will come before
foot, a horse, horse’s back, a camel, a camel’s back, an elephant,
elephant’s back, a buffalo, buffalo’s back
if they are used for motion/movement
He walks on foot.
He was riding on a horse.

Use of “Between”

RulesExamples
for two persons or thingsShe was sitting between her husband and her father.
Divide this mango between you and your brother.
Use for bilateral relations, cooperation or reciprocal relations
for more than two things
there is a cooperation between these three families.
There is an alliance between these six countries.

Use of “Above”

RulesExamples
in case of “Higher than”/Overthe kites rose above the clouds.
The aeroplane is flying above the cloud.
Use in case of more than in number or quantityThere are above fifty students in the class.
Her expenses are above her means.
In the case of “Superior to”Sudhir jee is a publisher above suspicion.

Use of “Over”

RulesExamples
something which is near above
(with/without touching the surface)
please spread the cloth over the table.
the clouds are over our heads
The Plane is flying over the town.
it is also used as
More than/in excess
Mr Ganguly is over forty.
His income is not over his expenses.
he overworks in the factory.
My father overtook me.
Overeating, overwise, overcrowd
in sense of “across”the bridge is over the river.

Use of “by”

RulesExamples
in case of
Near or Near-by (समीप या किनारे)
The child came and sat by her.
Her village is by the river.
It is used to mean “before” or “by” a specified time.
इसका प्रयोग निर्दिष्ट समय से “पहले” या “तक” के अर्थ में होता है
The Rajadhani Express will arrive here by 11 O’clock.
By the end of this month, she will have returned from Mumbai.
He will have informed the police of the accident by tomorrow morning.
in the case of transport,By cycle, by aeroplane, by boat, by taxi,, by scooter, by motorcycle, by plane, by car, by train etc.
for the duration or duringHe travelled by night.
the sun shines by day.

Use of “of”

RulesExamples
use as “cause” (कारणवश)She died of fever.
his wife is tired of work.
he died of grief.
use as possession of non-livingsthe wood of the table.
leg of chair
use as “origin”He comes of a royal family.
show Relationthe problems of Delhi

Confusing Pair of Prepositions

  • between and among
  • Beside and Besides
  • For and Since
  • Across and Through
  • in and into
  • on and upon

Important Fixed prepositions with different words

Important Fixed prepositions with different words
InviteTo
InvestIn
DispenseWith
AdmittanceTo
InsistOn + V-ing
PlaguedBy
KeenOn + V-ing To + V1st
ThirstFor
Congratulate/ ComplimentOn
RemonstratedWith
BlowTo
ReconciledWith
ViewOn
Anger/ IndignantAt
PleasedWith
VictimTo
ReconciledWith
LeapAt
AnnoyWith
AttemptAt
AvailOf
ViewOn
HeardOf
Look forwardTo + gerund
SuspiciousOf
LiableFor
GuiltyOf
ObjectTo
AimAt
DisposedOf
AccessionTo
DecideOn/upon
AffordTo
ComparedTo
Pay attentionTo
Marry/marriedTo
DeprivedOf
DifficultyIn
AimedAt
AdjustTo
CorrespondTo
EnquireFor
ConcludedBy
AssureOf
Acquitof
Approve/ disapproveOf
AtoneFor
DiedOf
IntendTo
ReconcileWith
IndignantAt
PartedFrom
SubscribeTo
SatisfiedWith
ConfideTo
WorthyOf
AbsolveOf
AccompaniedBy
ReliveOf
Waitfor
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