Prime Minister of India and Council of Ministers – best notes for competitive exams

Article 75 of the Indian Constitution states that the President can appoint a Prime Minister. His election and appointment are subject to the same procedure as any other. Article 74(1) provides that there will be a Council of Ministers headed by a Prime Minister to advise and aid the President. The Indian Constitution recognizes the existence of a Council of Ministers. For the IAS Exam’s three stages, Prelims Mains Interview, and its three stages, the topic “Prime Minister and Council of Ministers” is very important.

This article will discuss in detail the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, who are an important part of the Union Executive.

Prime Minister of India
List of Prime Ministers of India From 1947 to 2023

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Importance of Prime Minister

  • Real executive authority.
  • Gets the same salary as other MPs. [In addition, he gets some other allowances].
  • He is the ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission, National Development Council National Integration Council and Inter-state Council.

The Prime Minister of India is elected or appointed

The President of India chooses the Prime Minister. This person is the chief of the political party that holds the majority of the seats within the Lok Sabha or is a person who can earn the confidence of members of the Lok Sabha by gaining the backing of other political groups. Other ministers are appointed by the President based on the direction of the Premier.

Powers of Prime Minister

a. The President convenes and prorogues all sessions of Parliament in consultation with him.
b. Can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha before expiry.
c. Appoints the Council of ministers.
d. Allocates portfolios. Can ask a minister to resign & can get him dismissed by President.
e. Assists the President in the appointment of all high officials.
f. Can recommend to the President to declare an emergency on grounds of war, external aggression or armed rebellion.
g. Advises President about President’s Rule in a state of emergency due to financial instability.
h. Leader of the House.

Position of the Prime Minister

Since the days when was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru the Prime Minister has been placed on a higher level. His status is determined by his leadership position in the Cabinet as well as being the leader of the majority of the party.

These positions of power combined make him a much higher-ranking Minister than an average one. The Council of Ministers is automatically disbanded if the Prime Minister resigns or dies. It creates a vacuum. A Minister’s death, resignation or dismissal creates a vacancy that the Prime Minister may want to fill. A Prime Minister is essential for the Government to function, but a Minister’s absence can be easily compensated.

Council of Ministers

  • The President has to act in accordance with the advice of Council of ministers.
  • In this, 3 types of ministers are there :

a. Minister of Cabinet Rank: Real policy makers. The cabinet meetings are not attended by other ministers.
b. Minister of State: Can either hold independent charge or attached to a cabinet minister.
c. Deputy Ministers: Do not hold separate charges.

  • Collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha and individually to the President.
  • It is a team & its members sink or swim together. (Article 75). This is called ‘Collective Responsibility’. A vote of no confidence against any Minister automatically leads to the resignation of the entire Council (or its dismissal by the President).
  • A person can remain a minister or Prime Minister without being a member of the either house upto 6 months maximum.
  • A Minister who is a member of one House has a right to speak in and take part in the proceedings of the other House—though he has no right to vote in the House of which he is not a member.

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List of Prime Ministers of India From 1947 to 2023

Name

Took Office

Left Office

Profile

Image

Jawahar Lal Nehru

15-Aug-1947

27-May-1964

1st Prime Minister of India

Gulzarilal Nanda

27-May-1964

9 June 1964

2nd Prime Minister of India

Lal Bahadur Shastri

9 June 1964

11-Jan-1966

3rd Prime Minister of India

Gulzarilal Nanda

11-Jan-1966

24 January 1966

4th Prime Minister of India

Indira Gandhi

24 January 1966

24-Mar-1977

5th Prime Minister of India

Morarji Desai

24-Mar-1977

28-Jul-1979

6th Prime Minister of India

Charan Singh

28-Jul-1979

14-Jan-1980

7th Prime Minister of India

Indira Gandhi

14-Jan-1980

31-Oct-1984

8th Prime Minister of India

Rajiv Gandhi

31-Oct-1984

02-Dec-1989

9th Prime Minister of India

Vishwanath Pratap Singh

02-Dec-1989

10-Nov-1990

10th Prime Minister of India

Chandra Shekhar

10-Nov-1990

21-Jun-1991

11th Prime Minister of India

P. V. Narasimha Rao

21-Jun-1991

16-May-1996

12th Prime Minister of India

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

16-May-1996

01-Jun-1996

13th Prime Minister of India

H. D. Deve Gowda

01-Jun-1996

21-Apr-1997

14th Prime Minister of India

Inder Kumar Gujral

21-Apr-1997

19 March 1998

15th Prime Minister of India

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

19 March 1998

22-May-2004

16th Prime Minister of India

Dr. Manmohan   Singh

22-May-2004

26-May-2014

17th Prime Minister of India

Narendra Damodardas Modi

26-May-2014

Working

18th Prime Minister of India

FAQs on Prime Ministers of India

who is the first woman prime minister of India?

Indira Gandhi is the first woman prime minister of India. She first became the fifth prime minister of India and her tenure was from 24th January 1966 to 24th March 1977.

who appoints the prime minister of India?

The President of India chooses the Prime Minister. This person is the chief of the political party that holds the majority of the seats within the Lok Sabha or is a person who can earn the confidence of members of the Lok Sabha by gaining the backing of other political groups.

who is the first prime minister of India?

Jawahar Lal Nehru (15th August 1947 – 27th May 1964) is the first Prime Minister of India.

what is the salary of prime minister of India?

₹ 1.6 Lakh plus MP Allowances

How to become the prime minister of India?

The President of India chooses the Prime Minister. This person is the chief of the political party that holds the majority of the seats within the Lok Sabha or is a person who can earn the confidence of members of the Lok Sabha by gaining the backing of other political groups.

who was the first lady prime minister of India?

Indira Gandhi is the first woman prime minister of India. She first became the fifth prime minister of India and her tenure was from 24th January 1966 to 24th March 1977.

who is the fourth prime minister of India?

Gulzarilal Nanda

who was the first non-congress prime minister of India?

Morarji Desai (6th Prime Minister of India) was the first non-congress prime minister of India.

who is the longest serving prime minister of India?

The longest serving prime minister was Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister, whose tenure lasted for 16 years and 286 days.

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