Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848-49) – Short Notes on Anglo-Sikh War, Causes and results, Cause of Second anglo Sikh war, the result of anglo Sikh war
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Second Anglo-Sikh War
The second Anglo-Sikh war was a military conflict in 1848 and 1849 and this war was between the Britishers and Sikhs. The result was a fall of the Sikh empire and the east India company occupied the Punjab and North West Frontier Province.
Causes and Results of the Second Anglo Sikh War
- The humiliation was caused by the first Anglo-Sikh war wherein the Sikh Empire had lost some territories to the British East India Company.
- The Sikh regent, Maharani Jindan Kaur was not treated properly by the British.
- She was removed from Lahore on conspiracy charges against a British resident in Lahore.
- Multan was a part of the Sikh Empire when Maharaja Ranjit Singh captured it in 1818.
- Multan was governed by Dewan Mulraj. He resented the Lahore Court’s (capital of the Sikh Empire but controlled by the British resident since the first Anglo-Sikh war) demand for increased tax assessment and revenues.
- The British Resident at that time was Sir Frederick Currie. He undermined Mulraj and imposed another governor Sardar Kahan Singh along with a British agent Patrick Vans Agnew.
- In 1848, Vans Agnew and other officers who arrived in Multan to take charge were murdered by Mulraj’s troops.
- This news led to unrest in Punjab and many Sikh soldiers joined the rebel forces against the British.
Cause of the Second Anglo Sikh War
The first battle between the English and the Sikhs was fought at Ramnagar on November 22, 1848. But it remained indecisive. The second battle was fought at Chilianwala on January 13, 1849. It also remained indecisive but the English succeeded in Multan. Mulraj surrendered on January 22. However, the decisive battle was fought at Gujrat, a town near the Chenab on February 21, 1849. The Sikhs were badly defeated. In March 1849, Sher Singh, Chattar Singh, and the rest of the Sikh commanders surrendered to the English.
Result of the Second Anglo Sikh War
- Punjab was annexed by the British in March 1849 (under Lord Dalhousie) as per the Treaty of Lahore.
- The eleven-year-old Maharaja, Duleep Singh was pensioned off to England.
- Jind Kaur was separated from her son the Maharaja and taken to Firozpur. Her allowance was reduced to a meagre amount and her jewels and money were confiscated.
- Sir John Lawrence was appointed as the first Chief Commissioner of Punjab to take care of the administration.
- Dalhousie was recognized for his role in the annexation of Punjab to the British and was made a Marquis.
- The famous Koh-i-Noor diamond went into British hands. It was in possession of Maharaja Ranjit Singh who had willed it to the Puri Jagannath Temple of Odisha but his will was not executed by the British. They say it was acquired as part of the Treaty of Lahore after the second Anglo-Sikh war.
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FAQs on the Second Anglo Sikh War
when was the decisive battle of the Second Anglo Sikh war fought?
the decisive battle was fought at Gujrat, a town near the Chenab on February 21, 1849
who was the governor general at the time of the Second Anglo Sikh war?
Lord Dalhousie was the governor general at the time of the Second Anglo-Sikh war.