In the largest democracy in the world, India, it is one of the biggest challenges to make a fair and square election. To perpetuate the spirit of the democracy pure and alive, M.B. Haneefa invented the Indian Voting machine in 1980 and it was first introduced in the Kerala state assembly election in 1982. Since 1989, it is used all over India for polling by EC.
An Electronic Voting Machine is a type of machine that is designed with two units: the control unit and the balloting unit. It counts the vote and stores them in its database. Major advantages of EVM are the do away with ballot papers and eliminating the possibility of invalid and doubtful votes.
After, the 2014 Lok Sabha election, it has become one of the debated topics. With the hearsay of being hacked and tampered with, many political parties want a ban on EVM. Many developed nations like the USA, Italy, Germany, and Ireland already banned the EVM.
However, Election Commission is completely against it as it assured the people of the trustworthiness and tamper-proof functioning. Further, rather than throwing the baby out with the bathwater, EC upgraded the new version of EVM that is attached with VVPAT that can print and store the vote separately. It provides transparency to elections. Also, the new EVM is made of a one-time programmable chip that cannot access or connect with any kind of devices like Wi-Fi, internet, Bluetooth, or USB. So, it cannot be modified or corrupted in any way possible.
Hence, taking the sole responsibility, EC is continuously shoring up the largest democratic electoral process with more transparency and credibility.
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