2024-25 UGC NET Exam – Know everything

Everything About UGC NET Exam from Basics – exam pattern, syllabus, job profile, career growth, number of vacancies out, starting salary, preparation strategy, best books, courses, and test series, admit card, result, previous year cut-off analysis, and duration of preparation.

UGC NET Exam Overview

Name of ExaminationUGC NET
Full-Form of UGC NETUniversity Grants Commission National Eligibility Test
Exam Organised BodyNational Testing Agency (NTA)
Salary₹57,700
Vacancy NotificationTwice a year
Notification release monthSeptember-December
Application modeOnline
QualificationMaster’s Degree
Age Limit18 years-30 years
Application Fee₹1150/- for General
₹600/- for EWS/OBC-NCL
₹325/- for SC/ST/PwD/Transgender
Selection ProcessPaper 1, Paper 2
Official Websiteugcnet.nta.nic.in
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About UGC NET Exam

The UGC NET (University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test) is a national-level examination conducted in India. It is organized by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC). The UGC NET exam is held to determine the eligibility of candidates for the positions of Assistant Professor and for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) in Indian universities and colleges. The exam covers various subjects and consists of two papers: Paper 1, which tests general knowledge and teaching aptitude, and Paper 2, which assesses subject-specific knowledge. UGC NET is a highly competitive exam, and qualifying it opens up opportunities for teaching and research careers.

Vacancy Notification for UGC NET Exam

UGC NET exam notification comes out twice every year in the average month of September to December. This Notification announces by the NTA on its official website. Please note that these are just the dates for the UGC NET exam, and the dates for these exams may vary. You can find more information about NTA exams on the NTA website.

Number of Vacancies in UGC NET 2024

The number of vacancies notified for UGC NET can differ each year, as it depends on several factors such as the requirements of different universities, and colleges, as well as the availability of positions for Assistant Professors and JRFs. The average number of vacancies notified by the NTA for UGC NET each year is between 8000-10000.

To obtain the most accurate and up-to-date information I recommend you to visit the official NTA website or refer to the latest notifications and announcements related to the UGC NET exam. These sources will provide you with specific information on the vacancies available for each UGC NET examination cycle.

Job Profile after Selection in UGC NET Exam

After being selected in the UGC NET (University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test) exam, candidates can pursue various job profiles in the field of teaching and research in higher education institutions in India.

Here are some job profiles that candidates can pursue after qualifying for the UGC NET exam:

  1. Assistant Professor: Candidates who have qualified for UGC NET are eligible to apply for the position of Assistant Professor in universities, colleges, and other higher education institutions. Assistant Professors are responsible for teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses, conducting research, and guiding students in their academic pursuits.
  2. Junior Research Fellowship (JRF): UGC NET-qualified candidates can apply for the Junior Research Fellowship program. JRFs work on research projects in their respective fields under the guidance of experienced researchers. It is an excellent opportunity for those aspiring to pursue a career in research.
  3. Research Associate: Research Associates work on specific research projects, collaborate with other researchers, publish papers, and contribute to the advancement of knowledge in their respective fields.
  4. Lecturer: UGC NET qualification is often a prerequisite for the appointment of lecturers in colleges and universities. Lecturers are responsible for delivering lectures, conducting tutorials, preparing course materials, evaluating students’ performance, and providing academic guidance.
  5. Academic Coordinator: Academic coordinators work in educational institutions and are responsible for managing and overseeing academic programs and activities. They ensure that the curriculum is properly implemented, coordinate with faculty members, monitor students’ progress, and organize academic events.
  6. Content Developer: UGC NET-qualified candidates can work as content developers for educational institutions, publishing houses, or e-learning platforms. Content developers create educational materials, including textbooks, study guides, online courses, and multimedia content, to support the learning process.
  7. Education Consultant: UGC NET qualification opens up opportunities to work as an education consultant. Education consultants provide guidance to students, institutions, and organizations regarding educational policies, curriculum development, student counseling, and other related areas.

It’s important to note that specific job opportunities may vary depending on the candidate’s subject of specialization and the requirements of the hiring institution. Candidates can explore these job profiles and choose the one that aligns with their interests, skills, and career goals.

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UGC NET Post after Selection

After qualifying in the UGC NET exam, candidates can pursue a career as an Assistant Professor or a Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) in Indian universities and colleges. As Assistant Professors, they are responsible for teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses, conducting research, guiding students, and participating in academic activities. They contribute to the dissemination of knowledge and engage in scholarly pursuits, such as publishing research papers and attending conferences.

Those awarded the JRF receive fellowships to conduct research in their respective fields, assisting senior researchers, conducting experiments, and contributing to advancements in knowledge. The UGC NET qualification is highly regarded and opens doors to a range of teaching and research opportunities in academia and research institutions.

The starting salary for a UGC NET

The starting salary of an Assistant Professor (entry-level) in India after qualifying for the UGC NET exam under the 7th Pay Commission is ₹57,700 per month. This is the basic salary, and it may be subject to additional allowances such as Dearness Allowance (DA), House Rent Allowance (HRA), and other benefits. The actual salary will vary depending on the institution and location.

Please note that this salary can differ based on factors such as the employing institution, location, and specific regulations implemented by the institution or government. It’s advisable to check the official notifications, circulars, or relevant authorities for the most accurate and up-to-date information on salaries.

Career growth in UGC NET exam

The UGC NET (University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test) is an examination conducted in India to determine the eligibility of candidates for various posts in the field of teaching and research. Here’s some information on career growth through the UGC NET exam:

  1. Junior Research Fellowship (JRF): Candidates who qualify for the UGC NET exam can be awarded the JRF. This fellowship provides financial support for research work and allows individuals to pursue their doctoral studies (Ph.D.) in their chosen subject. JRF holders often work as research assistants, and research fellows, or pursue academic careers as Assistant Professors after completing their Ph.D.
  2. Assistant Professorship: Qualifying for the UGC NET exam also makes individuals eligible for Assistant Professor positions in colleges and universities. As an Assistant Professor, one can teach undergraduate and postgraduate courses, engage in research activities, publish scholarly articles, and contribute to the academic community. Assistant Professors can further enhance their career growth by acquiring higher qualifications and gaining research expertise.
  3. Associate Professor and Professor: With experience, academic achievements, and continuous research contributions, Assistant Professors can progress to the positions of Associate Professor and Professor. These higher positions come with increased responsibilities, including mentoring students, leading research projects, publishing in reputed journals, and providing leadership in academic departments. Such positions offer higher remuneration and recognition in the academic community.
  4. Research Positions: UGC NET qualification is also beneficial for securing research positions in various institutions and organizations. Research positions can be in government-funded research projects, research institutes, think tanks, or private organizations. These roles involve conducting independent research, publishing research papers, and contributing to the advancement of knowledge in a specific field.
  5. Fellowships and Grants: UGC NET qualification can make individuals eligible for various fellowships and grants offered by research organizations, funding agencies, and the government. These fellowships provide financial support for research projects, travel grants to attend conferences and opportunities for collaboration with national and international researchers.
  6. Academic Administration: In addition to teaching and research, UGC NET-qualified professionals can also explore career opportunities in academic administration. This can include roles such as heads of departments, deans, provosts, and other administrative positions within colleges and universities. These positions involve managing academic programs, overseeing faculty, and shaping the institution’s educational policies.

It’s important to note that career growth through the UGC NET exam depends on individual capabilities, research output, and academic achievements.

Selection Process For UGC NET Examination 2024

The selection process for UGC NET Exam contains a total of 2 papers. Below the information is given regarding this:

Paper 1: Paper 1 of the UGC NET exam is a common paper for all candidates. The paper consists of 50 multiple-choice questions (MCQs), with each question carrying 2 marks. The total maximum mark for Paper 1 is 100. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

Paper 2: Paper 2 of the UGC NET exam is a subject-specific paper chosen by the candidates. It tests their knowledge and expertise in the chosen subject. The paper consists of 100 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) carrying 2 marks each, resulting in a total maximum of 200 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

Paper 1

Paper 1 in the UGC NET exam is a common paper for all candidates and evaluates their teaching and research aptitude, as well as general awareness. It consists of 50 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) carrying 2 marks each, resulting in a maximum of 100 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers, making it important for candidates to attempt all questions.

The paper covers topics such as teaching aptitude, research aptitude, reading comprehension, communication, reasoning ability, logical reasoning, data interpretation, People & Environment, and others. It aims to test candidates’ understanding of these subjects and their ability to think critically. Paper 1 serves as a qualifying paper for eligibility and requires a strong grasp of fundamental concepts related to teaching and research.

Paper 2

Paper 2 in the UGC NET exam is a subject-specific paper chosen by the candidates based on their postgraduate specialization. It consists of 100 multiple-choice questions (MCQs), carrying 2 marks each, resulting in a maximum of 200 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers and the syllabus for Paper 2 is specific to the subject chosen by the candidate during the application process.

It covers various topics related to the subject at the postgraduate level. Paper 2 aims to test candidates’ in-depth knowledge and expertise in their chosen subject area. It requires a thorough understanding of the subject matter and the ability to apply the knowledge in a comprehensive manner. The performance in Paper 2 contributes significantly to the overall assessment and qualification of candidates in the UGC NET exam.

Exam pattern of UGC NET

Paper 1

PaperNo of QuestionsTotal Marks
Teaching Aptitude510
Research Aptitude510
Reading Comprehension510
Communication510
Reasoning (including Maths)510
Logical Reasoning510
Data Interpretation510
Information & Communication Technology (ICT)510
People & Environment510
Higher Education System510
Total50100
Exam pattern of UGC NET

Paper 1 covers topics such as teaching aptitude, research aptitude, reading comprehension, communication, reasoning ability, logical reasoning, data interpretation, People & Environment, and, Information & Communication Technology (ICT), and, Higher Education Systems. It consists of 50 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) carrying 2 marks each, resulting in a maximum of 100 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers, making it important for candidates to attempt all questions.

Paper 2

In UGC NET Paper 2 exam candidates need to select one of the 82 available subjects. Candidates must only appear in their Post-Graduation subject. Candidates may enter a comparable subject if their post-graduate subject is not included in the list of UGC NET subjects. It consists of 100 multiple-choice questions (MCQs), carrying 2 marks each, resulting in a maximum of 200 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

Detailed Syllabus of UGC NET Exam

Preparation strategy for UGC NET exam

Preparing for the UGC NET exam requires a systematic and focused approach. Here are some key strategies to help you in your preparation:

  1. Understand the Exam Pattern and Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern, marking scheme, and syllabus for both Paper 1 and Paper 2. This will give you a clear idea of what to expect and help you plan your study schedule accordingly.
  2. Create a Study Plan: Develop a well-structured study plan that covers all the topics in the syllabus. Allocate specific time slots for each subject and prioritize your study based on your strengths and weaknesses.
  3. Study Material and Resources: Collect high-quality study materials, reference books, and online resources that align with the UGC NET syllabus. Choose reliable sources and make use of previous years’ question papers to understand the exam pattern and types of questions asked.
  4. Subject Focus: Dedicate ample time to each subject, focusing on core concepts, theories, and recent developments. Develop a thorough understanding of the subject matter and practice solving MCQs related to the topics.
  5. Time Management: Practice time management while solving sample papers and mock tests to improve your speed and accuracy. This will help you get accustomed to the exam environment and enhance your performance on the day of the actual exam.
  6. Revision: Regularly revise the topics you have covered to reinforce your understanding and retain information. Create concise notes and flashcards to facilitate quick revision.
  7. Solve Previous Years’ Question Papers: Solve previous years’ question papers to get familiar with the exam pattern and gain confidence. Analyze your performance, identify weak areas, and work on improving them.
  8. Mock Tests and Online Practice: Take regular mock tests and online practice sessions to assess your preparation level. This will help you identify areas that need improvement and provide a simulated exam experience.
  9. Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with current affairs, the latest developments, and research in your chosen subject. Read newspapers, magazines, and online resources to stay informed.
  10. Maintain a Healthy Routine: Take care of your physical and mental well-being by maintaining a balanced lifestyle. Get enough sleep, exercise regularly, and practice relaxation techniques to stay focused and reduce stress.

Remember, consistency, discipline, and dedication are key to succeeding in the UGC NET exam. Develop a strategic plan, follow it diligently, and stay motivated throughout your preparation journey.

Best Books for UGC NET

There are several books available in the market that can help you in your preparation for the UGC NET exam. Here are some widely recommended books for various subjects:

Paper 1 (General Paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude):

  1. UGC NET/JRF/SLET General Paper-1 Teaching & Research Aptitude by Arihant Publications
  2. Trueman’s UGC NET/SET General Paper I by M. Gagan and Sajit Kumar
  3. CBSE UGC NET/SET/JRF – Paper 1: Teaching and Research Aptitude by KVS Madaan

Subject-Specific Books for Paper 2:

  1. UGC-NET: Commerce by Sanjay Gupta and Ruchi Gupta
  2. UGC NET/SET: Management by M. Shivani
  3. UGC NET/SET Economics by Ramesh Singh
  4. UGC-NET/JRF/SET Geography by Shashi Kumar
  5. UGC NET/SET Political Science by Abha Malik and Sushila Ramasahayam
  6. UGC NET/SET Psychology by Neelesh Kumar

It’s important to note that these are just a few recommendations, and there are numerous other books available for each subject. It is recommended to refer to the previous years’ question papers while selecting the books.

Test series for UGC NET exam

Nishant eAcademy offers a comprehensive test series for the UGC NET Examination that can help you evaluate your preparation and identify your strengths and weaknesses. The test series is designed by experts and covers all the important topics and subjects of the UGC NET syllabus. The tests are structured to mimic the actual exam pattern, and taking them can help you build exam temperament and manage time effectively. The test series is available online, and you can take the tests from the comfort of your home. The detailed performance analysis and feedback provided after each test can help you improve your performance and increase your chances of success in the UGC NET exam. I highly recommend Nishant eAcademy Test Series for the UGC NET exam to all aspirants who are serious about cracking the exam.

Duration of Preparation for the UGC NET Exam

The duration of preparation for the UGC NET exam can vary depending on several factors, including your existing knowledge, familiarity with the exam pattern, availability of study time, and dedication to preparation. On average, candidates typically spend around 4 to 6 months preparing for the exam. However, some candidates may require more time, especially if they are starting from scratch or have other commitments that limit their study hours.

It’s important to create a realistic study schedule that allows for consistent and focused preparation. Factors such as your familiarity with the subject, study materials, and level of commitment will also play a role in determining the duration of your preparation. Remember, consistent and dedicated efforts are key to success in the UGC NET exam.

Result of UGC NET

The exact result notification dates can differ, but the average month when National Testing Agency notified UGC NET result is between December to April month. The NTA generally releases the official notification a few months prior to the examination, providing details such as the application process, exam dates, syllabus, and other relevant information.

It’s important to stay updated with the official notifications to ensure timely registration and preparation for the UGC NET exam. Candidates can check their results on the official UGC NET website by entering their roll number and other required details. The result indicates the candidate’s scores, qualifying status, and subject-wise performance. It is an important factor in determining eligibility for an Assistant Professorship and the award of a Junior Research Fellowship (JRF).

Download UGC NET Previous Year Solved Question Paper


FAQs – UGC NET Exam

How to prepare for the UGC NET exam without coaching?

Preparing for the UGC NET exam without coaching is entirely possible with the right approach and self-discipline. Here are some tips to help you prepare effectively on your own:
1. Understand the Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the UGC NET syllabus for your chosen subject. Make a list of all the topics and subtopics that need to be covered.
2. Plan and Organize: Create a study plan that allows you to cover the entire syllabus within the available time. Allocate specific time slots for each topic and be consistent in following your study schedule.
3. Study Material: Gather high-quality study materials, textbooks, reference books, and online resources that align with the UGC NET syllabus. Choose reliable sources and make sure they cover all the necessary topics.
4. Previous Years’ Question Papers: Solve previous years’ question papers to understand the exam pattern, types of questions asked, and time management. This will help you familiarize yourself with the exam and improve your problem-solving skills.
5. Mock Tests and Online Resources: Make use of online resources and take regular mock tests to assess your preparation. Many websites and apps offer free or paid mock tests that simulate the actual exam environment.
6. Self-Evaluation and Revision: Regularly evaluate your progress by testing yourself with quizzes and sample questions. Focus on weak areas and revise topics accordingly. Create concise notes to aid in revision.
7. Join Online Forums and Study Groups: Participate in online forums or study groups where you can interact with fellow aspirants. Discussing concepts and sharing resources can enhance your understanding and provide support.
8. Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with current affairs, the latest research, and developments in your chosen subject. Read newspapers, academic journals, and relevant publications to stay informed.
9. Time Management and Discipline: Maintain a disciplined study routine and manage your time effectively. Avoid distractions, set realistic goals, and stay committed to your preparation.
10. Stay Motivated: Maintain a positive attitude and stay motivated throughout your preparation journey. Set small achievable targets, reward yourself for milestones achieved, and seek support from family and friends.
Remember, self-study requires self-motivation and dedication. Stay focused, be consistent, and believe in your abilities.

How to start UGC NET preparation?

To start your UGC NET preparation, here are some steps you can follow:
1. Know the Syllabus: Download the official UGC NET syllabus for your chosen subject. Go through the syllabus thoroughly and identify the topics and subtopics that need to be covered. This will serve as a roadmap for your preparation.
2. Gather Study Material: Collect high-quality study materials, reference books, and online resources that align with the UGC NET syllabus. Choose reliable sources that cover all the necessary topics in a comprehensive manner.
3. Create a Study Plan: Develop a well-structured study plan that covers all the subjects and topics within the available time. Allocate specific time slots for each subject and create a balance between understanding concepts and practicing questions.
4. Start with Basics: Begin your preparation by revising and strengthening the fundamental concepts of each subject. Focus on building a strong foundation in core areas.
5. Practice Previous Year’s Question Papers: Solve previous years’ question papers to understand the exam pattern, types of questions asked, and time management. This will also help you identify your strengths and weaknesses.
6. Regular Revision: Regularly revise the topics you have covered to reinforce your understanding. Create concise notes or flashcards to aid in quick revision and memorization.
7. Mock Tests and Online Practice: Take regular mock tests and online practice sessions to assess our Preparation level. This will help you get accustomed to the exam format, improve your speed and accuracy, and identify areas that need improvement.
8. Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with current affairs, recent developments, and research in your chosen subject. Read newspapers, academic journals, and relevant publications to stay informed.
9. Stay Motivated and Seek Support: Stay motivated throughout your preparation journey. Set realistic goals, celebrate milestones, and seek support from family, friends, or online communities to stay motivated and focused.
Remember, consistency, discipline, and perseverance are key to success in the UGC NET exam. Stay dedicated to your preparation, maintain a positive mindset, and believe in your abilities.

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